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Taylor Swift

https://learnmusicion.blogspot.com/2021/05/blog-post_27.html

Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. Her narrative lyricism, which often takes inspiration from her personal life, has received widespread critical praise and media coverage. Born in West Reading, Pennsylvania, Swift relocated to Nashville, Tennessee in 2004, to pursue a career in country music. She broke into the country music scene with her eponymous debut studio album in 2006, which included the singles “Teardrops on My Guitar” and “Our Song”. Swift rose to mainstream prominence with her second studio album, Fearless (2008), a country pop record with crossover appeal. Aided by the top-five singles “Love Story” and “You Belong with Me”, Fearless was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Swift’s third studio album, Speak Now (2010), blended country pop with elements of rock and featured the top-ten singles “Mine” and “Back to December”. Drawing inspiration from various pop, rock, and electronic genres, Swift’s fourth studio album Red (2012) saw her transcending her country roots. She completely moved to pop with her synth-pop fifth studio album, 1989 (2014), and expanded the electropop sound on her next two studio albums, Reputation (2017) and Lover (2019), which respectively embraced urban and retro styles. The four albums spawned a string of international top-five singles, including “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”, “I Knew You Were Trouble”, “Shake It Off”, “Blank Space”, “Bad Blood”, “Look What You Made Me Do”, “Me!”, and “You Need to Calm Down”. Swift experimented with folk and alternative rock on her eighth and ninth studio albums, Folklore and Evermore (both 2020), whose lead singles “Cardigan” and “Willow” topped charts around the world. She also released the critically acclaimed documentaries Miss Americana and Folklore: The Long Pond Studio Sessions that year. With sales of over 200 million records worldwide, Swift is one of the best-selling music artists. Her accolades include 11 Grammy Awards (including three Album of the Year wins), an Emmy Award, two Brit Awards, 11 MTV Video Music Awards (including two Video of the Year wins), 12 Country Music Association Awards, 25 Billboard Music Awards (the most wins by a woman), 32 American Music Awards (the most wins by an artist) and 35 Guinness World Records. She ranked eighth on Billboard’s Greatest of All Time Artists Chart (2019) and was listed on Rolling Stone’s 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time (2015). Swift has been included in various power rankings, such as Time’s annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world (2010, 2015 and 2019) and Forbes Celebrity 100 (placing first in 2016 and 2019). She was named Woman of the Decade (2010s) by Billboard and Artist of the Decade (2010s) by the American Music Awards. Contents 1 Life and career 1.1 1989–2003: Early life 1.2 2004–2008: Career beginnings and Taylor Swift 1.3 2008–2010: Fearless and acting 1.4 2010–2012: Speak Now 1.5 2012–2014: Red 1.6 2014–2017: 1989 1.7 2017–2018: Reputation 1.8 2018–2020: Lover and masters dispute 1.9 2020–present: Folklore, Evermore and re-recordings 2 Artistry 2.1 Influences 2.2 Musical style and voice 2.3 Songwriting 2.4 Music videos 3 Public image 4 Impact 5 Awards and achievements 6 Other ventures 6.1 Philanthropy 6.2 Politics and activism 6.3 Product endorsements 7 Discography 8 Filmography 9 Tours 10 See also 11 Footnotes 12 References 13 External links Life and career 1989–2003: Early life Swift’s childhood home in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania Taylor Alison Swift was born on December 13, 1989,[3] in West Reading, Pennsylvania.[4] Her father, Scott Kingsley Swift, is a former stockbroker for Merrill Lynch;[5] her mother, Andrea Gardner Swift (née Finlay), is a former homemaker who previously worked as a mutual fund marketing executive.[6] Swift has Scottish heritage[7] and was named after singer-songwriter James Taylor.[8] Her younger brother, Austin Kingsley Swift, is an actor.[9] Swift’s great-great-grandfather on her father’s side was an Italian immigrant entrepreneur and community leader who opened a slew of businesses in Philadelphia in the 1800s.[10][11] She spent her early years on a Christmas tree farm that her father purchased from one of his clients.[12][13] Swift identifies as Christian.[14] She attended preschool and kindergarten at the Alvernia Montessori School, run by the Bernadine Franciscan sisters,[15] before transferring to The Wyndcroft School.[16] The family moved to a rented house in the suburban town of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania,[17] where she attended Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High School.[18] At age nine, Swift became interested in musical theater and performed in four Berks Youth Theatre Academy productions.[19] She also traveled regularly to New York City for vocal and acting lessons.[20] Swift later shifted her focus toward country music, inspired by Shania Twain’s songs, which made her “want to just run around the block four times and daydream about everything.”[21] She spent weekends performing at local festivals and events.[22][23] After watching a documentary about Faith Hill, Swift felt sure she needed to move to Nashville, Tennessee, to pursue a career in music.[24] She traveled with her mother at age eleven to visit Nashville record labels and submitted demo tapes of Dolly Parton and The Chicks karaoke covers.[25] She was rejected, however, because “everyone in that town wanted to do what I wanted to do. So, I kept thinking to myself, I need to figure out a way to be different.”[26] When Swift was around 12 years old, computer repairman and local musician Ronnie Cremer taught her to play guitar. He helped with her first efforts as a songwriter, leading her to write “Lucky You”.[27] In 2003, Swift and her parents started working with New York-based talent manager Dan Dymtrow. With his help, Swift modeled for Abercrombie & Fitch as part of their “Rising Stars” campaign, had an original song included on a Maybelline compilation CD, and attended meetings with major record labels.[28] After performing original songs at an RCA Records showcase, Swift was given an artist development deal and began making frequent trips to Nashville with her mother.[29][30] To help Swift break into country music, her father transferred to Merrill Lynch’s Nashville office when she was 14 years old, and the family relocated to a lakefront house in Hendersonville, Tennessee.[12][31] Swift attended Hendersonville High School[32] but transferred to the Aaron Academy after two years, which could better accommodate her touring schedule through homeschooling; she graduated a year early.[33] 2004–2008: Career beginnings and Taylor Swift In Nashville, Swift worked with experienced Music Row songwriters such as Troy Verges, Brett Beavers, Brett James, Mac McAnally, and the Warren Brothers,[34][35] and formed a lasting working relationship with Liz Rose.[36] They began meeting for two-hour writing sessions every Tuesday afternoon after school.[37] Rose thought the sessions were “some of the easiest I’ve ever done. Basically, I was just her editor. She’d write about what happened in school that day. She had such a clear vision of what she was trying to say. And she’d come in with the most incredible hooks.” Swift became the youngest artist signed by the Sony/ATV Tree publishing house[38] but left the Sony-owned RCA Records at the age of 14.[23] She recalled: “I genuinely felt that I was running out of time. I wanted to capture these years of my life on an album while they still represented what I was going through.”[39] At an industry showcase at Nashville’s Bluebird Cafe in 2005, Swift caught the attention of Scott Borchetta, a DreamWorks Records executive who was preparing to form an independent record label, Big Machine Records. She had first met Borchetta in 2004.[40] Swift became one of Big Machine’s first signings, and her father purchased a three-percent stake in the company for an estimated $120,000.[41][42] She began working on her eponymous debut album shortly after. Swift persuaded Big Machine to hire her demo producer Nathan Chapman, with whom she felt she had the right “chemistry”.[23] She wrote three of the album’s songs alone, and co-wrote the remaining eight with Rose, Robert Ellis Orrall, Brian Maher, and Angelo Petraglia.[43] Taylor Swift was released on October 24, 2006.[44] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times described it as “a small masterpiece of pop-minded country, both wide-eyed and cynical, held together by Ms. Swift’s firm, pleading voice.”[45] Taylor Swift peaked at number five on the U.S. Billboard 200, where it spent 157 weeks—the longest stay on the chart by any release in the U.S. in the 2000s decade.[46] Taylor Swift singing on a microphone and playing a guitar. She is wearing a black dress Swift opening for Brad Paisley in 2007. To promote her debut album, Swift opened for other country acts’ tours in 2006–2007.[47] Big Machine Records was still in its infancy during the June 2006 release of the lead single, “Tim McGraw”. Swift and her mother helped “stuff the CD singles into envelopes to send to radio.”[48] She spent much of 2006 promoting Taylor Swift with a radio tour, television appearances, and opening for Rascal Flatts on select dates during their 2006 tour[49] after they fired their previous opening act, Eric Church, for playing longer than his allotted time. Church jokingly told Swift she should give him her first gold record as thanks for getting fired. She sent him her first gold record with a note that said, “Thanks for playing too long and too loud on the Flatts tour. I sincerely appreciate it. Taylor.”[50] Borchetta said that although record industry peers initially disapproved of his signing a 16-year-old singer-songwriter, Swift tapped into a previously unknown market—teenage girls who listen to country music.[12] Following “Tim McGraw”, four more singles were released throughout 2007 and 2008: “Teardrops on My Guitar”, “Our Song”, “Picture to Burn” and “Should’ve Said No”. All appeared on Billboard’s Hot Country Songs, with “Our Song”, and “Should’ve Said No” reaching number one. With “Our Song”, Swift became the youngest person to single-handedly write and sing a number-one song on the chart.[51] “Teardrops on My Guitar” reached number thirteen on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.[52] Swift also released the holiday album Sounds of the Season: The Taylor Swift Holiday Collection in October 2007 and the EP Beautiful Eyes in July 2008.[53][54] She promoted her debut album extensively as the opening act for other country musicians’ tours throughout 2006 and 2007, including George Strait,[55] Brad Paisley,[56] and Tim McGraw and Faith Hill.[57] Swift won accolades for Taylor Swift. She was one of the recipients of the Nashville Songwriters Association’s Songwriter/Artist of the Year in 2007, becoming the youngest person to be honored with the title.[58] She also won the Country Music Association’s Horizon Award for Best New Artist,[59] the Academy of Country Music Awards’ Top New Female Vocalist,[60] and the American Music Awards’ Favorite Country Female Artist honor.[61] She was also nominated for Best New Artist at the 50th Annual Grammy Awards.[62] She opened for the Rascal Flatts on their 2008 summer and fall tour.[63] In July of that year, Swift began a romance with singer Joe Jonas that ended three months later.[64][65] 2008–2010: Fearless and acting Swift’s second studio album, Fearless, was released on November 11, 2008.[66] Five singles were released throughout 2008 and 2009: “Love Story”, “White Horse”, “You Belong with Me”, “Fifteen”, and “Fearless”. “Love Story”, the lead single, peaked at number four on the Billboard Hot 100[52] and number one in Australia.[67] “You Belong with Me” was the album’s highest-charting single on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number two.[68] All five singles were Billboard Hot Country Songs top-10 entries, with “Love Story” and “You Belong with Me” peaking at number one.[69] Fearless debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and was the top-selling album of 2009 in the U.S.[70] The Fearless Tour, Swift’s first headlining concert tour,[71] grossed over $63 million.[72] Journey to Fearless, a three-part documentary miniseries, was aired on television and later released on DVD and Blu-ray.[73] Swift also performed as a supporting act for Keith Urban’s Escape Together World Tour in 2009.[74] Taylor Swift in 2009 Pictured at the premiere of Hannah Montana: The Movie, Swift had a cameo appearance in the film and recorded two songs for its soundtrack.[75][76] In 2009, the music video for “You Belong with Me” was named Best Female Video at the MTV Video Music Awards.[77] Her acceptance speech was interrupted by rapper Kanye West,[78] an incident that became the subject of controversy, widespread media attention, and many Internet memes.[79] James Montgomery of MTV argued that the incident and subsequent media attention turned Swift into “a bona-fide mainstream celebrity”.[80] That year she won five American Music Awards, including Artist of the Year and Favorite Country Album.[81] Billboard named her 2009’s Artist of the Year.[82] The album ranked number 99 on NPR’s 2017 list of the 150 Greatest Albums Made By Women.[83] She won Video of the Year and Female Video of the Year for “Love Story” at the 2009 CMT Music Awards, where she made a parody video of the song with rapper T-Pain called “Thug Story”.[84] At the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, Fearless was named Album of the Year and Best Country Album, and “White Horse” was named Best Country Song and Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Swift was the youngest artist to win Album of the Year.[a] During the ceremony, Swift sang “You Belong with Me” and “Rhiannon” with Stevie Nicks, a performance that received negative reviews and caused media backlash.[80][87] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times found it “refreshing to see someone so gifted make the occasional flub”.[88] At the 2009 Country Music Association Awards, Swift won Album of the Year for Fearless and was named Entertainer of the Year, the youngest person to win the honor.[89] Swift featured on John Mayer’s single “Half of My Heart”[90] and Boys Like Girls’ single “Two Is Better Than One”, both of which she co-wrote.[91] She co-wrote and recorded “Best Days of Your Life” with Kellie Pickler,[92] and co-wrote two songs for the Hannah Montana: The Movie soundtrack—”You’ll Always Find Your Way Back Home” and “Crazier”.[76] She contributed two songs to the Valentine’s Day soundtrack, including the single “Today Was a Fairytale”, which was her first number one on the Canadian Hot 100, and peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100.[93][94] While filming her cinematic debut Valentine’s Day in October 2009, Swift began a romantic relationship with co-star Taylor Lautner; they broke up later that year.[95] Valentine’s Day saw her play the ditzy girlfriend of a high school jock, a role which received mixed reviews.[96][97] Swift made her TV acting debut in a 2009 episode of CBS’s CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, playing a rebellious teenager.[98] Later that year, Swift hosted and performed as the musical guest on an episode of Saturday Night Live; she was the first host to write their own opening monologue.[99][100] 2010–2012: Speak Now Taylor Swift performing live on a banjo, wearing a beige blouse and pigtails Swift performing during the Speak Now World Tour in 2012 In August 2010, Swift released “Mine”, the lead single from her third studio album, Speak Now. It entered the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 at number three.[101] Swift wrote the album alone and co-produced every track.[102] Speak Now, released on October 25, 2010,[103] debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of one million copies.[104] It became the fastest-selling digital album by a female artist, with 278,000 downloads in a week, earning Swift an entry in the 2010 Guinness World Records.[105] The songs “Mine”, “Back to December”, “Mean”, “The Story of Us”, “Sparks Fly”, and “Ours” were released as singles. All except “The Story of Us” were Billboard Hot Country Songs top-three entries, with “Sparks Fly” and “Ours” reaching number one.[69] “Back to December” and “Mean” peaked in the top ten in Canada.[94] Later in 2010, she briefly dated actor Jake Gyllenhaal.[106] At the 54th Annual Grammy Awards in 2012, Swift won Best Country Song and Best Country Solo Performance for “Mean”, which she performed during the ceremony.[107] Media publications noted the performance as an improvement from her much criticized 2010 Grammy performance, which served as a testament to her abilities as a musician.[108][109] Swift won other awards for Speak Now, including Songwriter/Artist of the Year by the Nashville Songwriters Association (2010 and 2011),[110][111] Woman of the Year by Billboard (2011),[112] and Entertainer of the Year by the Academy of Country Music (2011 and 2012)[113] and the Country Music Association in 2011.[114] At the American Music Awards of 2011, Swift won Artist of the Year and Favorite Country Album.[115] Rolling Stone placed Speak Now at number 45 in its 2012 list of the “50 Best Female Albums of All Time”, writing: “She might get played on the country station, but she’s one of the few genuine rock stars we’ve got these days, with a flawless ear for what makes a song click.”[116] The Speak Now World Tour ran from February 2011 to March 2012 and grossed over $123 million.[117] In November 2011, Swift released a live album, Speak Now World Tour: Live.[118] She contributed two original songs to The Hunger Games soundtrack album: “Safe & Sound”, co-written and recorded with the Civil Wars and T-Bone Burnett, and “Eyes Open”. “Safe & Sound” won the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media and was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.[119][120] Swift featured on B.o.B’s single “Both of Us”, released in May 2012.[121] From July to September 2012, Swift dated political heir Conor Kennedy.[122] 2012–2014: Red In August 2012, Swift released “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together”, the lead single from her fourth studio album, Red. It became her first number one in the U.S. and New Zealand[123][124] and reached the top slot on iTunes’ digital song sales chart 50 minutes after its release, earning the Fastest Selling Single in Digital History Guinness World Record.[125] Other singles released from the album include “Begin Again”, “I Knew You Were Trouble”, “22”, “Everything Has Changed”, “The Last Time”, and “Red”. “I Knew You Were Trouble” peaked within the top five on charts in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, New Zealand, the U.K. and the U.S.[126] Three singles — “Begin Again”, “22”, and “Red” — reached the top 20 in the U.S.[52] Taylor Swift performing on a guitar Swift performing on the Red Tour in 2013 Red was released on October 22, 2012.[127] On Red, Swift worked with new producers besides longtime collaborators Nathan Chapman and Liz Rose: Max Martin, Shellback, Dann Huff, Jeff Bhasker, Butch Walker, Dan Wilson, and Jacknife Lee.[128] The album incorporates new genres for Swift, such as heartland rock, dubstep and dance-pop.[129] The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.21 million copies. This made Swift the first female to have two million-selling album openings, a record recognized by the Guinness World Records.[130][131] It was Swift’s first number-one album in the U.K.[132] The Red Tour ran from March 2013 to June 2014 and grossed over $150 million, becoming the highest-grossing country tour when it completed.[133] Red had sold eight million copies by 2014.[134] The album earned several accolades, including four nominations at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards in 2014.[135] Its single “I Knew You Were Trouble” won Best Female Video at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards.[136] Swift received American Music Awards for Best Female Country Artist in 2012, and Artist of the Year in 2013.[137][138] She received the Nashville Songwriters Association’s Songwriter/Artist Award for the fifth and sixth consecutive years in 2012 and 2013.[139] Swift was honored by the Association with a special Pinnacle Award, making her the second recipient of the accolade after Garth Brooks.[140] During this time, she had a short-term relationship with English singer Harry Styles.[141] In 2013, Swift recorded “Sweeter than Fiction”, a song she wrote and produced with Jack Antonoff for the One Chance film soundtrack. The song received a Best Original Song nomination at the 71st Golden Globe Awards.[142] She provided guest vocals for Tim McGraw’s song “Highway Don’t Care”, featuring guitar work by Keith Urban.[143] Swift performed “As Tears Go By” with the Rolling Stones in Chicago, Illinois as part of the band’s 50 & Counting tour.[144] She joined Florida Georgia Line on stage during their set at the 2013 Country Radio Seminar to sing “Cruise”.[145] Swift voiced Audrey, a tree lover, in the animated film The Lorax (2012),[146] made a cameo in the sitcom New Girl (2013),[147] and had a supporting role in the film adaptation of The Giver (2014).[148] 2014–2017: 1989 In March 2014, Swift lived in New York City.[b] Around this time, she was working on her fifth studio album, 1989, with producers Jack Antonoff, Max Martin, Shellback, Imogen Heap, Ryan Tedder, and Ali Payami.[151] She promoted the album through various campaigns, including inviting fans to secret album-listening sessions.[152] Influenced by 1980s synth-pop, Swift severed ties with the country sound of her previous albums, and marketed 1989 as her “first documented, official pop album”.[153] The album was released on October 27, 2014.[154] Taylor Swift is performing onstage with a mic in her right hand. Swift performing during the 1989 World Tour, the highest-grossing tour of 2015 1989 sold 1.28 million copies in the U.S. during the first week of release and debuted atop the Billboard 200. This made Swift the first act to have three albums sell more than one million copies in their opening week, for which she earned a Guinness World Record.[155][156] By June 2017, 1989 had sold over 10 million copies worldwide.[157] Three of its singles — “Shake It Off”, “Blank Space”, and “Bad Blood” featuring rapper Kendrick Lamar — reached number one in Australia, Canada, and the U.S.[158] The singles “Style” and “Wildest Dreams” reached the top 10 in the U.S.[159] Other singles were “Out of the Woods” and “New Romantics”.[160] The 1989 World Tour ran from May to December 2015 and was the highest-grossing tour of the year with $250 million in total revenue.[161] Prior to 1989’s release, Swift stressed the importance of albums to artists and fans.[162] In November 2014, she removed her entire catalog from Spotify, arguing that the streaming company’s ad-supported, free service undermined the premium service, which provides higher royalties for songwriters.[163] In a June 2015 open letter, Swift criticized Apple Music for not offering royalties to artists during the streaming service’s free three-month trial period and stated that she would pull 1989 from the catalog.[164] The following day, Apple announced that it would pay artists during the free trial period,[165] and Swift agreed to stream 1989 on the streaming service.[166] Swift’s intellectual property rights management and holding company, TAS Rights Management, filed for 73 trademarks related to Swift and the 1989 era memes.[167] She re-added her entire catalog plus 1989 to Spotify, Amazon Music and Google Play and other digital streaming platforms in June 2017.[157] Swift was named Billboard’s Woman of the Year in 2014, becoming the first artist to win the award twice.[168] At the 2014 American Music Awards, Swift received the inaugural Dick Clark Award for Excellence.[169] In 2015, Swift won the Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist.[170] The video for “Bad Blood” won Video of the Year and Best Collaboration at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards.[171] Swift was one of eight artists to receive a 50th Anniversary Milestone Award at the 2015 Academy of Country Music Awards.[172] At the 58th Grammy Awards in 2016, 1989 won Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album, and “Bad Blood” won Best Music Video. Swift was the first woman and fifth act overall to win Album of the Year twice as a lead artist.[173] Swift dated Scottish DJ and record producer Calvin Harris from March 2015 to June 2016.[174] Prior to their breakup, they co-wrote the song “This Is What You Came For”, which features vocals from Barbadian singer Rihanna; Swift was initially credited under the pseudonym Nils Sjöberg.[175] She subsequently dated English actor Tom Hiddleston for a few months.[176] She began dating English actor Joe Alwyn in September 2016.[177] Swift wrote the song “Better Man” for Little Big Town’s seventh album, The Breaker, which was released in November.[c] The song earned Swift an award for Song of the Year at the 51st CMA Awards.[179] Swift and English singer Zayn Malik released a single together, “I Don’t Wanna Live Forever”, for the soundtrack of the film Fifty Shades Darker (2017). The song reached number two in the U.S[180] and won Best Collaboration at the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards.[181] 2017–2018: Reputation In August 2017, Swift successfully sued David Mueller, a former morning show personality for Denver’s KYGO-FM. Four years earlier, Swift had informed Mueller’s bosses that he had sexually assaulted her by groping her at an event. After being fired, Mueller accused Swift of lying and sued her for damages from his loss of employment. Shortly after, Swift counter-sued for sexual assault for nominal damages of only a dollar.[182] The jury rejected Mueller’s claims and ruled in favor of Swift.[183] Swift thereafter cleared her social media accounts[184] and released “Look What You Made Me Do” as the lead single from her sixth album, Reputation.[185] The single was Swift’s first number-one U.K. single.[186] It topped charts in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and the U.S.[187] Swift wearing a black and gray patterned body suit standing in front of a microphone singing Swift on her Reputation Stadium Tour (2018), the highest-grossing North American tour of all time Reputation was released on November 10, 2017.[188] The album incorporates a heavy electropop sound, with hip hop, R&B and EDM influences.[189] It debuted atop the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.21 million copies. With this achievement, Swift became the first act to have four albums sell one million copies within one week in the U.S.[190] The album topped the charts in the UK, Australia, and Canada.[191] First-week worldwide sales amounted to two million copies.[192] The album had sold over 4.5 million copies worldwide as of 2018.[193] It spawned three other international singles, including the U.S. top-five entry “…Ready for It?”,[194] and two U.S. top-20 singles — “End Game” (featuring Ed Sheeran and rapper Future) and “Delicate”.[160] Other singles include “New Year’s Day”, which was exclusively released to U.S. country radio,[195] and “Getaway Car”, which was released in Australia only.[196] In April 2018, Swift featured on Sugarland’s “Babe” from their album Bigger.[d] In support of Reputation, she embarked on her Reputation Stadium Tour, which ran from May to November 2018.[198] In the U.S., the tour grossed $266.1 million in box office and sold over two million tickets, breaking Swift’s own record for the highest-grossing U.S. tour by a woman, which was previously held by her 1989 World Tour in 2015 ($181.5 million).[199] It also broke the record for the highest-grossing North American concert tour in history. Worldwide, the tour grossed $345.7 million,[200] making it the second highest-grossing concert tour of the year.[201] In late November, Big Machine Records released a Reputation Stadium Tour playlist for streaming services. The playlist includes every song performed on B-stages during the Reputation Stadium Tour.[202] On December 31, Swift released her Reputation Stadium Tour’s accompanying concert film on Netflix.[203] Reputation was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 61st Annual Grammy Awards in 2019.[204] At the American Music Awards of 2018, Swift won four awards, including Artist of the Year and Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist. After the 2018 AMAs, Swift garnered a total of 23 awards, becoming the most awarded female musician in AMA history, a record previously held by Whitney Houston.[205] 2018–2020: Lover and masters dispute Reputation was Swift’s last album under her 12-year contract with Big Machine Records. In November 2018, she signed a new multi-album deal with Big Machine’s distributor Universal Music Group; in the U.S. Her subsequent releases were promoted under the Republic Records imprint. Swift said the contract included a provision for her to maintain ownership of her master recordings. In addition, in the event that Universal sells any part of its stake in Spotify, Spotify agreed to distribute a non-recoupable portion of the proceeds among their artists.[206] A portrait of Swift Swift at the 2019 iHeartRadio Music Awards Swift released her seventh studio album, Lover, on August 23, 2019.[207] Besides longtime collaborator Jack Antonoff, Swift worked with new producers Louis Bell, Frank Dukes, and Joel Little.[208] Lover was Swift’s sixth consecutive album to sell more than 500,000 copies in one week in the U.S., making Swift the first female artist to do so.[209] All 18 songs from the album charted on the Billboard Hot 100 the same week, setting a record for the most simultaneous entries by a woman.[210] The lead single, “Me!”, debuted at number 100 on the Billboard Hot 100 and rose to number two a week later, scoring the biggest single-week jump in chart history.[211] Other singles from Lover were the U.S. top-10 singles “You Need to Calm Down” and “Lover”, and U.S. top-40 single “The Man”.[52] Lover was the world’s best-selling studio album of 2019, selling 3.2 million copies.[212] The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) honored Swift as the global best-selling artist of 2019. This made Swift the first woman to win the honor twice; she had previously won in 2014.[213] The album earned accolades, including three nominations at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards in 2020.[214] At the 2019 MTV Video Music Awards, “Me!” won Best Visual Effects, and “You Need to Calm Down” won Video of the Year and Video for Good. Swift was the first female and second artist overall to win Video of the Year for a video that they directed.[215] Swift won six awards at the 2019 American Music Awards, including Artist of the Year and Artist of the Decade.[216] Swift played Bombalurina in the movie adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Cats (2019).[217] She recorded an original song called “Beautiful Ghosts”, which she wrote with Webber for the film’s soundtrack.[218] Although critics reviewed the film negatively, Swift’s role received positive feedback.[219] The documentary Miss Americana, which chronicles part of Swift’s life and career, premiered at the 2020 Sundance Film Festival and was released on Netflix on January 31, 2020.[220][221] Miss Americana features the song “Only the Young”, which Swift wrote after the 2018 United States elections.[222] In February 2020, Swift signed an exclusive global publishing deal with Universal Music Publishing Group, after her 16-year-old contract with Sony/ATV Music Publishing expired.[223] During promotion for Lover in 2019, Swift became embroiled in a publicized dispute with talent manager Scooter Braun and her former label Big Machine, regarding the acquisition of the masters of her back catalog.[224] Swift stated she had been trying to buy the masters for years, but Big Machine only allowed her to do so if she exchanged a new album for an older one under another contract, which she chose not to.[224] In April 2020, Big Machine released Live from Clear Channel Stripped 2008, a live album of Swift’s performances at a 2008 radio show, which Swift did not authorize.[225] In October, Braun sold Swift’s masters, videos and artworks, to Shamrock Holdings for a reported $300 million.[226] Swift began re-recording her back catalog in November 2020.[227] 2020–present: Folklore, Evermore and re-recordings In 2020, Swift released two surprise albums to critical acclaim,[228] with little promotion. The first, her eighth studio album Folklore, was released on July 24.[229] The second, her ninth studio album Evermore, was released on December 11.[230] Swift wrote and recorded the albums while in isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic, working with producers Jack Antonoff and Aaron Dessner from the National. Both albums feature collaborations with Bon Iver, and Evermore features collaborations with the National and Haim.[231] Swift co-wrote some songs with her boyfriend Joe Alwyn, under the pseudonym William Bowery.[232] Described by Swift and Dessner as “sister records”, both albums embrace an indie folk and alternative rock production, a departure from the previous upbeat pop releases.[233][234] In the U.S., Folklore and Evermore were each supported by three singles — one to mainstream radio, one to country radio, and one to triple A radio. The singles in that order were “Cardigan”, “Betty”, “Exile” (featuring Bon Iver); and “Willow”, “No Body, No Crime” (featuring Haim), “Coney Island” (featuring the National); respectively.[235] In Germany, Folklore was supported by another single, “The 1”.[236] The lead singles from each album, “Cardigan” and “Willow”, debuted atop the Billboard Hot 100 the same week their parent albums debuted atop the Billboard 200, making Swift the first artist to debut atop both the U.S. singles and albums charts simultaneously.[237] Both albums sold over one million units worldwide in its first week, with Folklore selling two million.[238][239] Folklore broke the record for first-day album streams by a female artist on streaming platform Spotify, a record registered in the Guinness World Records.[240] It was the best-selling album of 2020 in the U.S., having sold 1.2 million copies by January 2021.[241] On November 25, Swift released the self-directed concert film Folklore: The Long Pond Studio Sessions, documenting the making of Folklore, on Disney+.[242] At the 2020 American Music Awards, she won three awards, including Artist of the Year for a record third consecutive time.[243] Swift received six nominations at the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards, winning Album of the Year for Folklore.[244][245] She is the first woman in history to win the award three times.[245] In February 2021, Swift was featured on Haim’s single “Gasoline” from the expanded edition of Haim’s 2020 album Women in Music Pt. III.[246] The re-recorded issue of Swift’s 2008 album Fearless, titled Fearless (Taylor’s Version), was released on April 9, 2021, and subsequently debuted at number one in the US.[247][248][249] It was preceded by “Love Story (Taylor’s Version)”, the re-recorded version of her original 2008 rendition, and two new tracks, “You All Over Me” with Maren Morris and “Mr. Perfectly Fine”.[248][250][251] In May 2021, Swift was awarded the Global Icon award by the Brits[252] and the Songwriter Icon award by the National Music Publishers’ Association for her impact on music.[253] Artistry Influences Shania Twain wearing a white dress is standing holding a microphone and smiling. Stevie Nicks is pictured on stage holding a microphone and looking to her left Shania Twain (left) and Stevie Nicks (right) have influenced Swift. One of Swift’s earliest musical memories is listening to her maternal grandmother, Marjorie Finlay, sing in church.[6] As a child, she enjoyed Disney film soundtracks: “My parents noticed that, once I had run out of words, I would just make up my own”.[254] Swift has said she owes her confidence to her mother, who helped her prepare for class presentations as a child.[255] She also attributes her “fascination with writing and storytelling” to her mother.[256] Swift was drawn to the storytelling aspect of country music,[257] and was introduced to the genre listening to “the great female country artists of the ’90s”—Shania Twain, Faith Hill, and the Dixie Chicks.”[258][259] Twain, both as a songwriter and performer, was her biggest musical influence.[260] Hill was Swift’s childhood role model: “Everything she said, did, wore, I tried to copy it”.[261] She admired the Dixie Chicks’ defiant attitude and their ability to play their own instruments.[262] “Kiss Me” by Sixpence None the Richer was the first song Swift learned to play on the guitar.[263] Swift also explored the music of older country stars, including Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn, Dolly Parton, and Tammy Wynette.[22] She believes Parton is “an amazing example to every female songwriter out there”.[264] Alt-country artists like Patty Griffin[265] and Lori McKenna have also inspired Swift.[12] Swift has also been influenced by various pop and rock artists. She lists Paul McCartney, Bruce Springsteen, Bryan Adams,[266] Emmylou Harris, Kris Kristofferson, and Carly Simon as her career role models. Discussing McCartney and Harris, Swift has said, “They’ve taken chances, but they’ve also been the same artist for their entire careers”.[12][267] McCartney, both as a Beatle and a solo artist, makes Swift feel “as if I’ve been let into his heart and his mind […] He’s out there continuing to make his fans so happy. Any musician could only dream of a legacy like that.”[268] She likes Springsteen for being “so musically relevant after such a long period of time”.[269] She aspires to be like Harris as she grows older because of prioritizing music over fame.[270] Swift says of Kristofferson that he “shines in songwriting”,[271] and admires Simon for being “an emotional” but “a strong person”.[272] Her synth-pop album 1989 was influenced by some of her favorite 1980s pop acts, including Peter Gabriel, Annie Lennox, Phil Collins and Madonna.[273][274] As a songwriter, Swift was influenced by Joni Mitchell for her autobiographical lyrics conveying the deepest emotions: “She wrote it about her deepest pains and most haunting demons … I think [Blue] is my favorite because it explores somebody’s soul so deeply.”[275] Musical style and voice A photograph of Swift’s decorated red Les Paul guitar and cordless microphone Swift’s Les Paul guitar and microphone in the Musical Instrument Museum of Phoenix Swift’s music consists primarily of elements of pop,[276] synth-pop,[277] country,[278] country pop,[279] rock,[277] alternative rock,[280] indie[281] and folk.[282] Her works also incorporate R&B,[283][284] EDM,[285] hip hop[286] and trap.[287] Musical instruments that she plays include guitar, piano, banjo and ukulele.[288][289] Swift described herself as a country artist until the release of 1989 (2014), which she characterized as her first “sonically cohesive pop album”.[290] Rolling Stone wrote, “[Swift] might get played on the country station, but she’s one of the few genuine rock stars we’ve got these days.”[291] According to The New York Times, “There isn’t much in Ms. Swift’s music to indicate country—a few banjo strums, a pair of cowboy boots worn onstage, a bedazzled guitar—but there’s something in her winsome, vulnerable delivery that’s unique to Nashville.”[292] The Guardian wrote that Swift “cranks melodies out with the pitiless efficiency of a Scandinavian pop factory.”[293] Swift possesses a mezzo-soprano vocal range.[294] Her singing voice was described by Sophie Schillaci of The Hollywood Reporter as “sweet, but soft”[295] and Pitchfork’s Sam Sodomsky as “versatile and expressive”.[296] The Los Angeles Times identified Swift’s “defining” vocal gesture in studio recordings as “the line that slides down like a contented sigh or up like a raised eyebrow, giving her beloved girl-time hits their air of easy intimacy”.[297] Rolling Stone, in a Speak Now review, wrote: “Swift’s voice is unaffected enough to mask how masterful she has become as a singer; she lowers her voice for the payoff lines in the classic mode of a shy girl trying to talk tough.”[298] In another review of Speak Now, The Village Voice wrote that her phrasing was previously “bland and muddled, but that’s changed. She can still sound strained and thin, and often strays into a pitch that drives some people crazy; but she’s learned how to make words sound like what they mean.”[299] NPR Music described her singing as personal and conversational thanks to her “exceptional gift for inflection”, but also suffers from a “wobbly pitch and tight, nasal delivery”.[300] The Hollywood Reporter wrote that her live vocals are “fine”, but they do not match those of her peers.[295] Swift has been credited for refusing to correct her pitch with Auto-Tune.[301] A writer for The Tennessean conceded in 2010 that Swift was “not the best technical singer”, but described her as the “best communicator that we’ve got”.[302] Her vocal ability is something that has often concerned Swift and she has “put a lot of work” into improving it.[303] It was reported in 2010 that she continues to receive vocal coaching.[304] She has said she only feels nervous performing live “if I’m not sure what the audience thinks of me, like at award shows”.[305] In 2021, critics from The New York Times noted that her voice became stronger, more controlled, and deeper over time, discarding the nasal tone of her early vocals.[306] A Clash critic opined that Swift’s vocals have evolved “into her own unique blend of country, pop and indie”.[307] Songwriting In an interview with The New Yorker, Swift characterized herself primarily as a songwriter: “I write songs, and my voice is just a way to get those lyrics across.”[12] In her early songs, Swift’s life experiences were a common inspiration.[308] Employing a “diaristic” approach, Swift began writing a song by identifying an emotion before proceeding with the melody.[309][310] She described songwriting as a way to help her “get through love and loss and sadness and loneliness and growing up”.[311] Recurring themes were love and romance.[312] Her debut album depicts infatuation from the perspective of a high school teenage girl,[293] a theme that continued on Fearless, which features fairy tale imagery to explore the disconnect between fantasy and reality.[313] On Speak Now, Swift explored negative emotions ensuing from lost romance.[312][314] She delved into the tumult of toxic relationships on Red[315] and embraced nostalgia and positivity after failed relationships on 1989.[316] Reputation was inspired by the media scrutiny surrounding Swift,[317] and Lover detailed her realization of the “full spectrum of love”.[318] Besides romance, other themes addressed in Swift’s music include parent-child relationships, friendships,[319][320] alienation, and self-awareness.[256][321] A photograph of Taylor Swift performing at Heinz Field Swift during her Speak Now World Tour in Pittsburgh, 2011 Swift’s confessional narratives received critical praise.[12][322] Discussing Swift’s first three albums, New York magazine remarked that many singer-songwriters have made great records as teens, but “none made great records so explicitly about their teens”.[323] Rolling Stone described Swift as “a songwriting savant with an intuitive gift for verse-chorus-bridge architecture”.[324] Although reviews of Swift are “almost uniformly positive”, The New Yorker stated she was generally portrayed “more as a skilled technician than as a Dylanesque visionary”.[12] The Village Voice argued that Swift’s “iceberg songs” were “not confessional, but dramatic”, and commended Swift for creating “characters and situations—some from life—and [finding] potent ways to describe them”.[325] Tabloid media often speculated and linked the subjects of the songs with ex-lovers of Swift, a practice which New York considered “sexist, inasmuch as it’s not asked of her male peers”.[325][326] Aside from clues provided in album liner notes, Swift tried not to talk about song subjects specifically “because these are real people. You try to give insight as to where you were coming from as a writer without completely throwing somebody under the bus”.[327] In a 2013 interview with Vanity Fair, Swift responded to criticism on her songwriting: “For a female to write about her feelings, and then be portrayed as some clingy, insane, desperate girlfriend in need of making you marry her and have kids with her, I think that’s taking something that potentially should be celebrated—a woman writing about her feelings in a confessional way—that’s taking it and turning it and twisting it into something that is frankly a little sexist.”[328] On her 2020 albums Folklore and Evermore, Swift was inspired by escapism and romanticism to explore fictional narratives.[329] Without referencing her personal life, she imposed her emotions onto imagined characters and story arcs, which liberated her from the mental stress caused by tabloid attention and suggested new paths for her artistry.[309] In a feature for Rolling Stone, Swift explained that she welcomed the new songwriting direction after she stopped worrying about commercial success: “I always thought, ‘That’ll never track on pop radio,’ but when I was making Folklore, I thought, ‘If you take away all the parameters, what do you make?”[329] With the release of Evermore, Spin found Swift exploring “exceedingly complex human emotions with precision and devastation”.[330] Awarding her with the Songwriter Icon Award in 2021, the National Music Publishers’ Association remarked that “no one is more influential when it comes to writing music today” than Swift.[331] Music videos Swift has collaborated with many different directors to produce her music videos, and over time she has become more involved with writing and directing. She has her own production house, Taylor Swift Productions, Inc., which is credited with producing music videos for singles such as “Me!”,[332] and is known for hiding elaborate clues and easter eggs in most of her work.[333] In 2010, Swift co-directed the music video for “Mine” with Roman White.[334] In 2011, she continued to collaborate with White on the music videos for “Mean” and “Ours”. Swift developed the concept and treatment for “Mean”.[335] In an interview, White elaborated that Swift “was keenly involved in writing the treatment, casting and wardrobe. And she stayed for both the 15-hour shooting days, even when she wasn’t in the scenes.”[336] Swift wrote the concept for the “Ours” music video and then brought in White to direct, describing her vision of both videos as being “storylines”.[337][338] From 2014 to 2018, Swift collaborated with director Joseph Kahn on eight music videos—four each from her albums 1989 and Reputation. Kahn has praised Swift’s involvement in the craft.[339] In 2016, Swift worked with American Express for her “Blank Space” music video (which Kahn directed), and released the interactive app AMEX Unstaged: Taylor Swift Experience. Swift received starring and executive producer credit, and in 2015 won a Primetime Emmy Award in the Outstanding Interactive Program category for the app.[340] She received producing credit in her music video for “Bad Blood”.[341] Swift developed the concept, wrote the treatment for, and starred in the music video for the Sugarland song “Babe” (2018).[342] She has emerged as a music video director, co-directing the music videos for three Lover singles: “Me!” with Dave Meyers, and “You Need to Calm Down” and “Lover” with Drew Kirsch.[343][344] She co-executive produced the second of them with Todrick Hall.[345] She was the sole director of the videos for “The Man”, for which Swift won the MTV Video Music Award for Best Direction in 2020; “Cardigan”; and “Willow”.[346][347] Public image It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Cultural impact of Taylor Swift. (Discuss) (April 2021) Swift’s personal life is the subject of widespread media attention.[348] In 2013, Abercrombie & Fitch first marketed, then withdrew after fan backlash, a T-shirt with the slut-shaming slogan “more boyfriends than t.s.”.[349] The New York Times asserted in 2013 that her “dating history has begun to stir what feels like the beginning of a backlash”. They questioned whether Swift was in the midst of a “quarter-life crisis”.[350] Swift is unwilling to publicly discuss her personal life;[348] she believes that talking about it can be “a career weakness”.[351] In the 1989 single “Blank Space”, Swift parodies her media own perception of “a girl who’s crazy but seductive but glamorous but nuts but manipulative” surrounding her relationships.[352] Taylor Swift stands in a Time press area. She has curled hair and is wearing a black, strapless dress. Swift at the 2010 Time 100 Gala in Manhattan, where she was honored. Rolling Stone remarked upon her polite manner: “If this is Swift’s game face, it must be tattooed on because it never drops”,[33] and noted her “ease with glad-handing”.[41] The Hollywood Reporter described Swift as “the Best People Person since Bill Clinton”.[353] While presenting Swift with an award for her humanitarian endeavors in 2012, Michelle Obama described her as an artist who “has rocketed to the top of the music industry but still keeps her feet on the ground, someone who has shattered every expectation of what a 22-year-old can accomplish”.[354] Swift considers Obama to be a role model.[355] According to The New York Times and marketing executive Matt B. Britton, Swift’s business savvy has helped her “excel as an authentic personality who establishes direct connections with her audience”, “touch as many people as possible”, and “generate a kind of advocacy and excitement that no level of advertising could”.[356] Swift is one of the most-followed people on social media;[357] as of April 2021, she has approximately 153 million followers on Instagram,[358] 88.6 million followers on Twitter[359] and 42.1 million subscribers on YouTube.[360] She is known for her frequent and friendly online interactions with her fans.[361][362] She has visited fans in hospitals[363][364] and delivered holiday gifts to them by mail and in person, an event dubbed “Swiftmas”,[365] and considers it her “responsibility” to be conscious of her influence on young fans.[366] She has called her relationship with her fans “the longest and best” she has ever had.[367] Often labeled by the media as “America’s Sweetheart”,[368][369] a sobriquet based on her down-to-earth personality[370][371] and girl-next-door image,[372][373] Swift insists she does not “live by all these rigid, weird rules that make me feel all fenced in. I just like the way that I feel like, and that makes me feel very free”.[311] She refused to take part in overtly sexualized photo shoots,[374] although Bloomberg views her as a sex symbol.[375] She has been recognized as a fashion icon;[376][377] Vogue named her an Icon of American Style in 2011.[378] In 2014, she topped People’s annual best-dressed list.[379] In 2015, she was named Woman of the Year at the Elle Style Awards[380] and ranked first on Maxim’s Hot 100 list.[381] Vogue regards Swift as one of the world’s most influential figures in sustainable fashion.[382] Impact Swift’s early career as a country singer-songwriter plays an important role in shaping the modern country music scene. New York journalist Jody Rosen asserts that Swift is the first country artist whose fame reaches the world beyond the U.S.[383] Following Swift’s rise to fame, country labels have become more interested in signing young singers who write their own music.[384] With her autobiographical narratives revolving around romance and heartbreak,[383] Swift introduces the genre to a younger generation that could relate to her personal struggles.[385] Rolling Stone listed Swift’s country music as one of the biggest influences on 2010s pop music,[386] and ranked her 80th in the list of 100 Greatest Country Artists of All Time.[387] Quartz considered Swift as the most important artist of the millennial era.[388] Her onstage performance with guitars contributed to the “Taylor Swift factor”, a phenomenon to which media outlets attribute the rise in guitar sales to women, a previously ignored demographic.[389][390] Publications consider Swift’s million-selling albums in the 2010s an anomaly in the streaming-dominated music industry, following the decline of the album era.[391][392] She is the only artist to have four albums sell over a million copies within one week since Nielsen SoundScan started tracking sales for the Billboard 200 in 1991.[391] For New York magazine, Swift’s million sales figures prove that she is “the one bending the music industry to her will”.[392] According to Rolling Stone, Swift’s opposition to low-royalty streaming services and efforts to claim ownership to her masters were two of the defining moments for the music industry in the 2010s decade.[393] Her actions have fostered debate over reforms to on-demand music streaming and prompted awareness of intellectual property rights among younger musicians.[394][395][396] Swift was named Woman of the Decade of the 2010s by Billboard[397] and became the first woman to earn the title Artist of the Decade (2010s) at the American Music Awards.[398] She won the BRIT Global Icon award “in recognition of her immense impact on music across the world”.[399] Swift and her work have influenced various recording artists, including Ruth B.,[400] Shamir Bailey,[401] Kelsea Ballerini,[402] Priscilla Block,[403] Bailey Bryan,[404] Camila Cabello,[405] Sabrina Carpenter,[406] Sofia Carson,[407] The Chainsmokers,[408] Daya,[409] Selena Gomez,[410] Ellie Goulding,[411] Conan Gray,[412] Griff,[413] Halsey,[414] Niall Horan,[415] Little Mix,[416] Shawn Mendes,[417] Soccer Mommy,[418] Maren Morris,[419] Nina Nesbitt,[420] Niki,[421] Finneas O’Connell,[422] Maisie Peters,[423] Girl in Red,[424] Freya Ridings,[425] Olivia Rodrigo,[426] Tegan and Sara,[427] Troye Sivan,[428] Hayley Williams,[429] The Vamps,[430] and Zahara.[431] Awards and achievements Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Taylor Swift Swift has won 11 Grammy Awards (including three Album of the Year wins—the most for a female artist),[432] an Emmy Award,[433] 32 American Music Awards (most wins by an artist),[434] 25 Billboard Music Awards (most wins by a female artist),[435] 35 Guinness World Records,[436] 12 Country Music Association Awards (including the Pinnacle Award),[437] eight Academy of Country Music Awards,[438] and two Brit Awards.[170] As a songwriter, she has been honored by the Nashville Songwriters Association[58][439] and the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and was the youngest person included on Rolling Stone’s list of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time in 2015.[440][441] At the 64th BMI Awards in 2016, Swift was the first woman to be honored with an award named after its recipient.[442] Her albums Red[443] and 1989 featured on Rolling Stone’s 2020 revision of their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[444] Swift has sold over 50 million albums, including 37.3 million in the U.S., and 150 million singles worldwide.[445][446][447] She has amassed more than 114 million units in global album consumption, which includes 78 billion streams, as of May 2021.[252][399] In 2019, Billboard placed her eighth on its Greatest of All Time Artists Chart.[448] Swift is the longest-reigning act of Billboard Artist 100 with 44 weeks at number one on the chart,[449] the woman with the most cumulative weeks (52) atop the Billboard 200,[450] the woman with the most Billboard Hot 100 entries in history (136), and the artist with the most number-one singles on Digital Songs chart (22).[451] She is the second-highest-certified female digital singles artist (and third overall) in the U.S., with 134 million total units certified by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),[452] and the first female artist to have both an album (Fearless) and a song (“Shake It Off”) certified Diamond.[453] Swift broke the record for the highest-grossing North American tour of all time with her Reputation Stadium Tour (2018),[454] and is the world’s highest-grossing female touring act of the 2010s decade.[455] She has the millennium’s most number one albums in Ireland and the United Kingdom for a female artist.[456][457] Swift has appeared in various power listings. Time included her on its annual list of the 100 most influential people in 2010, 2015, and 2019.[458] She was one of the “Silence Breakers” who spoke up about sexual assault, and were honored as Time Person of the Year in 2017.[459] From 2011 to 2020, she appeared in the top three on the Forbes Top-Earning Women in Music list, topping the list in 2016 and 2019.[460][461] She also topped the magazine’s list of the 100 highest-paid celebrities in 2016 with $170 million—a feat recognized by the Guinness World Records[462]—and again in 2019 with $185 million.[463] In 2014, she was named to Forbes’ 30 Under 30 list in the music category[464] and again in 2017 in its “All-Star Alumni” category.[465] In 2015, Swift became the youngest woman to be included on Forbes’ list of the 100 most powerful women, ranked at number 64.[466] In June 2019, Forbes estimated Swift’s net worth at $360 million.[467] Swift was the most googled female music artist of 2019[468] and the highest-paid female musician of the 2010s with earnings of $825 million.[469] Other ventures Philanthropy Swift’s philanthropic efforts have been recognized by the Do Something Awards and the Tennessee Disaster Services.[470][471] She has received The Big Help Award for her “dedication to helping others” and “inspiring others through action”[472] and the Ripple of Hope Award for her “dedication to advocacy at such a young age”.[473] In 2008, she donated $100,000 to the Red Cross to help the victims of the Iowa flood.[474] Swift has performed at charity relief events including Sydney’s Sound Relief concert.[475] She also recorded a song for the Hope for Haiti Now album.[476] In response to the May 2010 Tennessee floods, Swift donated $500,000 during a telethon hosted by WSMV.[477] In 2011, Swift used a dress rehearsal of her Speak Now tour as a benefit concert for victims of recent tornadoes in the U.S., raising more than $750,000.[478] In 2016, she donated $1 million to Louisiana flood relief efforts and $100,000 to the Dolly Parton Fire Fund.[479][480] Swift donated to the Houston Food Bank after Hurricane Harvey struck the city in 2017.[481] In 2020, she donated $1 million for Tennessee tornado relief.[482] Swift is a supporter of the arts. She is a benefactor of the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame[483] and, in 2010, donated $75,000 to Nashville’s Hendersonville High School to help refurbish the school auditorium.[484] In 2012, she pledged $4 million to fund the building of a new education center at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville.[485] That year, she also partnered with textbook rental company Chegg to donate $60,000 to the music departments of six US colleges.[486] In 2013, Swift donated $100,000 to the Nashville Symphony.[487] Swift also promotes children’s literacy; in 2009, she donated $250,000 to various schools around the country to improve education.[488] She also donated thousands of books to the Reading Public Library in Pennsylvania,[489] the Nashville Public Library in Tennessee,[490] and New York City schools.[491] In 2007, Swift partnered with the Tennessee Association of Chiefs of Police to launch a campaign to protect children from online predators.[492] In 2009, Swift recorded a Sound Matters public service announcement (PSA) to raise awareness for the importance of listening “responsibly” to prevent hearing impairment.[493] She has donated items to several charities for auction, including the Elton John AIDS Foundation, the UNICEF Tap Project, MusiCares, and Feeding America.[494] As recipient of the Academy of Country Music’s Entertainer of the Year in 2011, Swift donated $25,000 to St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Tennessee.[495] In 2012, Swift participated in the Stand Up to Cancer telethon, performing “Ronan”, a song she wrote in memory of a four-year-old boy who died of neuroblastoma. The song was made available for digital download with all proceeds donated to cancer-related charities.[496] She has also worked with the Make-A-Wish Foundation and Habitat for Humanity.[497] In 2014, she donated $100,000 to the V Foundation for Cancer Research[498] and $50,000 to the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.[499] Swift has encouraged young people to volunteer in their local communities as part of Global Youth Service Day.[500] Swift donated to American singer-songwriter Kesha to help with her legal battles against Dr. Luke[501] and to actress Mariska Hargitay’s Joyful Heart Foundation organization.[502] In 2019, she donated $113,000 to the LGBT organization Tennessee Equality Project,[503] as well as to the media advocacy organization GLAAD in support of Pride Month.[504] During the COVID-19 pandemic, Swift donated to the World Health Organization and Feeding America[505] and offered one of her signed guitars as part of an auction to raise money for the National Health Service.[506] Swift performed “Soon You’ll Get Better” during One World: Together At Home television special, a benefit concert curated by Lady Gaga for Global Citizen to raise funds for the World Health Organization’s COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund.[507] In June 2020, she donated to the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund in light of the murder of George Floyd and the Black Lives Matter movement and urged fans to do the same.[508] In 2021, Swift donated to the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network in honor of Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month.[509] As well as charitable causes, she has made donations to many of her fans.[510] Politics and activism Swift identifies as a feminist[511] and pro-choice.[512] She has been recognized as a feminist icon by numerous media outlets.[513][514][515][516] During the 2008 United States presidential election, Swift promoted the Every Woman Counts campaign, aimed at engaging women in the political process. She was one of many country stars to record a PSA for the Vote (For Your) Country campaign.[517] During her acceptance speech at the Billboard Women in Music summit in 2019, she spoke out against sexism and misogyny.[518] She was one of the founding signatories of the Time’s Up movement against sexual harassment.[519] Swift has also spoken out against LGBT discrimination.[520][521] Following the 2008 murder of openly gay teenager Larry King, she recorded a GLSEN PSA aimed at combating hate crimes.[522] The music video for Swift’s anti-bullying song “Mean” deals in part with homophobia in high schools; it was nominated for an MTV VMA social activism award in 2011.[523][524] After the Orlando nightclub shooting in June 2016, Swift penned a letter to honor the victims.[525] She encouraged support for the Equality Act in a letter addressed to Senator Lamar Alexander and a petition on Change.org, which accumulated over 800,000 signatures and responses from the White House and various Democratic legislators.[526][527] Swift called on the Trump administration to pass the Equality Act at the 2019 MTV Video Music Awards[528] and during Pride Live’s 2020 Stonewall Day livestream event, where she criticized the 2020 U.S. Census for excluding transgender and non-binary people.[529] Swift avoided discussing politics in her early career,[530] but she has become politically active since the 2018 United States elections.[531] She has supported the March for Our Lives movement and gun control reform in the U.S.[532] She endorsed candidates for public office for the first time ahead of the 2018 midterm elections, declaring her support for Democrats Jim Cooper and Phil Bredesen to represent Tennessee in the House of Representatives and Senate, respectively.[531][533] In her endorsement, Swift expressed her desire for greater LGBT rights and gender and racial equality, condemned systemic racism, and encouraged her fans to vote according to their personal values.[534] In August 2020, Swift urged her fans to check their voter registration ahead of elections.[535] Vote.org reported that 65,000 people had registered to vote within 24 hours of Swift’s post, an unprecedented surge even accounting for usual registration increases as deadlines approach.[536][537] She endorsed Joe Biden and Kamala Harris in the 2020 United States presidential election[538] and was found to be one of the most influential celebrities in the polls.[539] She lent her song “Only the Young” for use in an advertisement to increase voter turnout.[540] Swift is a vocal critic of white supremacy, systemic racism, and police brutality in the U.S.[541][512] In May 2020, she called for justice in the deaths of African-American men Ahmaud Arbery[542] and George Floyd.[543] Swift shared resources to support the Black Lives Matter movement[544] and an essay written by former President Barack Obama on policy change in the wake of the George Floyd protests, advocating for mail-in voting for the 2020 U.S. elections during the COVID-19 pandemic.[545] She called for the removal of racist Confederate monuments in Tennessee[546] and advocated for Juneteenth to become a national holiday.[547] Product endorsements While promoting her debut album, Swift appeared as the face of Verizon Wireless’ Mobile Music campaign.[548] In the Fearless era, she launched a l.e.i. sundress range at Walmart,[549] and designed American Greetings cards and Jakks Pacific dolls.[550][551] She became a spokesperson for the National Hockey League’s (NHL) Nashville Predators and Sony Cyber-shot digital cameras.[552][553] She released a special edition of her album Speak Now through Target.[554] Swift became a CoverGirl spokesmodel[555] and launched two Elizabeth Arden fragrances—Wonderstruck and Wonderstruck Enchanted.[556] While promoting her fourth album, Red, Swift offered exclusive album promotions through Target,[557] Papa John’s Pizza,[558] and Walgreens.[559] She became a spokesmodel for Diet Coke, and Keds sneakers,[560] released her third Elizabeth Arden fragrance, named Taylor by Taylor Swift,[561] and continued her partnerships with Sony Electronics and American Greetings.[562][563] Swift released her fourth fragrance, Taylor by Taylor Swift: Made of Starlight,[564] and partnered with the companies AirAsia[565] and Qantas[566] during the Red Tour. The companies acted as the official airlines for the Australian and Asian legs; Cornetto sponsored the Asian leg of the tour.[567] While promoting 1989, Swift had tie-ins with Subway, Keds, Target, Xfinity, and Diet Coke.[568] In 2014, Swift released her fifth fragrance, Incredible Things.[569] In 2016, she worked with Apple Music to release a series of three commercials.[570] Swift signed a multi-year deal with AT&T in 2016.[571] She later headlined DirecTV’s Super Saturday Night event on the eve of the 2017 Super Bowl. While promoting Reputation, Swift released a series of behind-the-scenes videos showing the album recording process through DirecTV.[572] In 2018, Swift released two commercials for AT&T.[573][574] The same year, Swift partnered with UPS as an official delivery partner for Reputation[575] and Fujifilm on a special-edition autographed Instax camera, which includes a selfie-mode and double exposure.[576][577] The cameras showed massive growth in sales after partnership with Swift.[578] In 2019, Swift signed a multi-year partnership with Capital One,[579] and released a sustainable clothing line with Stella McCartney.[580] Discography Main articles: Taylor Swift albums discography, Taylor Swift singles discography, and List of songs recorded by Taylor Swift Studio albums Taylor Swift (2006) Fearless (2008; re-recorded in 2021) Speak Now (2010) Red (2012) 1989 (2014) Reputation (2017) Lover (2019) Folklore (2020) Evermore (2020) Filmography Main article: Taylor Swift videography Valentine’s Day (2010) The Lorax (2012) The Giver (2014) Cats (2019) Miss Americana (2020) Folklore: The Long Pond Studio Sessions (2020) Tours Main article: List of Taylor Swift live performances Fearless Tour (2009–2010) Speak Now World Tour (2011–2012) The Red Tour (2013–2014) The 1989 World Tour (2015) Reputation Stadium Tour (2018) See also Biography portal icon Pop music portal flag Pennsylvania portal flag United States portal List of best-selling albums by year in the United States List of best-selling singles in the United States List of Billboard Hot 100 chart achievements and milestones List of highest-certified music artists in the United States List of Grammy Award winners and nominees by country List of most-followed Instagram accounts List of most-followed Twitter accounts List of most-subscribed YouTube channels

Short Story Reviews: Carol Emshwiller’s “The Coming” (1957), “You’ll Feel Better…” (1957), and “Two-Step for Six Legs” (1957) — Science Fiction and Other Suspect Ruminations

Here is another post in my series exploring Carol Emshwiller’s science fiction and fantasy–published between 1955-1979 in genre magazines–in chronological order. And if you missed earlier installments, check out Part I and II. I found Emshwiller’s next three science fiction stories, including the first in her new long-term home The Magazine of Fantasy and Science […]

Short Story Reviews: Carol Emshwiller’s “The Coming” (1957), “You’ll Feel Better…” (1957), and “Two-Step for Six Legs” (1957) — Science Fiction and Other Suspect Ruminations

Alan Walker

https://learnmusicion.blogspot.com/2021/06/alan-walker.html

Alan Olav

(born 24 August 1997) is an English-Norwegian DJ and record producer.[2] In 2015, Walker received international acclaim after releasing the single “Faded”, which received platinum certifications in 14 countries. In 2020, he was ranked 26th on DJ Mag. [3] He released his debut studio album, Different World, in 2018. Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 2012–2016: Career beginnings and breakthrough 2.2 2017–present: Different World and other projects 3 Artistic image 4 Discography 5 Tour 6 Awards and nominations 7 References 8 External links Early life Alan Walker is the son of Hilde Omdal Walker, a Norwegian, and Philip Alan Walker, an Englishman.[4][5] By birth, he was granted dual citizenship, both in Norway and the United Kingdom on the basis of his parental origin. At the age of two, he moved to Bergen,[2] Norway, with his parents and siblings.[6] Walker grew up with two siblings, an older sister, Camilla, born in England, and a younger brother, Andreas, born in Norway. Growing up in the digital era, Walker found an early interest in computers, which later turned into a fascination for programming and graphic design. He initially had no musical background; however, he later taught himself by watching tutorials on YouTube based on music production.[7] Career 2012–2016: Career beginnings and breakthrough In 2012, Walker was listening to a song by Italian DJ David Whistle (also known as DJ Ness) and reached out to him to find out how he produced his music. He was inspired by EDM producers K-391 and Ahrix, and by film composers like Hans Zimmer and Steve Jablonsky.[8] He started producing his music on his laptop using FL Studio. In July 2012, with the help and feedback from his fans online, he began pursuing his music production career and slowly began posting his music to YouTube and SoundCloud. Starting as a bedroom producer, he was better known as DJ Walkzz before signing a record deal and releasing his debut single in 2014. Walker released the track “Fade” on 17 August 2014.[9] The track gained attention after its re-release via the record label NoCopyrightSounds on 19 November 2014.[10] Walker stated that the creation of the track was inspired by K-391 and Ahrix, whose tracks were also picked up by the record label. The track has over 400 million views on YouTube,[11] 115 million plays on Spotify,[12] and 41 million streams on SoundCloud.[13] The tracks “Spectre” and “Force” followed in 2015. Walker signed with MER Musikk under Sony Music Sweden and released his next single, “Faded”, a remastered vocal version of “Fade”. It was released on 8 December 2015 and featured uncredited Naustdal pop singer Iselin Solheim.[14] The single topped the year-end charts in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Sweden, iTunes charts in 33 countries, as well as entering top 10 in Spotify Global Chart. The music video on YouTube has over 3 billion views and 18 million likes,[15] placing it among the top 10 most liked YouTube videos. It has over 1.1 billion plays on Spotify,[16] and is also one of the Top 10 Most Shazamed tracks of 2016.[17] The single also received official remixes from Tiësto,[18] Dash Berlin, and Hardwell. He later released an acoustic “restrung” version of the song, with all the EDM elements taken out.[19] Walker quit high school in January to pursue his music career.[20] On 27 February, Walker made his performance debut at the Winter X Games in Oslo, where he performed 15 tracks including the song “Faded” together with Iselin Solheim.[21][22] By March, Walker had produced 30 to 40 songs in total, but “Faded” marks his first single with Sony Music Sweden, and the first to achieve such global success.[17] On 7 April, Walker teamed up with Zara Larsson at the Echo Awards in Germany. Together they performed each other’s songs “Faded” and “Never Forget You”.[23] Four weeks previously, he achieved the first place on NRJ Euro Hot 30 for the first time, which only has been achieved by one other Norwegian artist, Kygo.[24] The single “Sing Me to Sleep” was released on 3 June, featuring female vocalist Iselin Solheim, the same vocalist as in “Faded”. The song topped iTunes charts in 7 countries. Its music video on YouTube has over 570 million views,[25] and it also reached 250 million plays on Spotify.[26] The single “Alone” was released on 2 December, featuring uncredited Swedish singer Noonie Bao.[27] The music video on YouTube has over 1 billion views,[28] the track also gained over 390 million plays on Spotify.[29] The song was described as “the final piece of a trilogy consisting of ‘Faded’, ‘Sing Me To Sleep’ and ‘Alone'” by Gunnar Greeve, Walker’s manager and co-writer for the single.[30] Walker at Stavernfestivalen in Norway 2016 On 21 and 22 December, Walker held the concert “Alan Walker is Heading Home” in his hometown Bergen at USF Verftet, where he performed 16 songs and tracks together with Angelina Jordan, Marius Samuelsen, Alexandra Rotan, Yosef Wolde-Mariam, and Tove Styrke as singers.[31][32] The concert was officially live-streamed on YouTube.[33] He premiered several unreleased tracks, including a restrung version of “Sing Me to Sleep”, as well as “Heading Home”, the latter of which was first performed during his debut at Winter X Games. The song “The Spectre”, a remastered version of his earlier track “Spectre”, was also performed during the concert. On 23 December, Walker released the video for the single “Routine”, which premiered on his concert in Bergen two days earlier and on some concerts on the “Walker Tour”. The track was made in collaboration with David Whistle. Its music video on YouTube has over 58 million views,[34] and 47 million plays on Spotify.[35] 2017–present: Different World and other projects At the beginning of 2017, Walker’s YouTube channel became the most subscribed channel registered in Norway, after passing about 4.5 million subscribers, and had the most views among Norwegian YouTubers at around 7.7 billion views as of 25 January 2020.[36][2] Between February and April, he toured around America including attending the Euphoria Festival in Texas.[37] On 7 April, Walker released the song “Ignite” instrumental version, which featured Norwegian music producer and songwriter K-391. It was released as a promotion of the launch of the Sony Xperia XZs smartphone. On 19 May, Walker released his first song with a male vocalist, Irish singer-songwriter Gavin James, titled “Tired”. Walker said that the song “adds another dimension” to his productions. Its music video on YouTube has over 136 million views.[38] On 9 June, his collaboration with Dane Alex Skrindo, “Sky”, was released on the compilation Insomniac Records Presents: EDC Las Vegas 2017. Its music video on YouTube has over 58 million views.[39] On 15 September, he released “The Spectre”, a revamped version with vocals of his 2015 single “Spectre”. The single’s music video contains footage of his concerts, along with a team of dancers dressed in white jumpsuits and black helmets. The video currently has over 725 million views. On 27 October, Walker released the song “All Falls Down”, which featured American singer Noah Cyrus and British DJ and record producer Digital Farm Animals (Juliander). The video storyline follows the visual for his previous song “Tired”. Its YouTube music video has been viewed over 196 million times.[40][41] During his 2018 Ultra Music Festival Miami set, Walker was joined by Dutch DJ Armin van Buuren on stage, where they debuted “Slow Lane”, their new collaboration.[42] However, the single did not end up being featured on Alan’s album, and instead was released on van Buuren’s Euthymia EP in late 2020.[43] In April, he performed at the 2018 Coachella, a music festival held in Indio, California.[44] On 11 May, Walker and Norwegian music producer K-391 (Kenneth Nilsen) released “Ignite” vocal version, which featured Norwegian singer Julie Bergan and South Korean singer Seungri.[45][46][47] The music video was released on 12 May on K-391’s YouTube channel because Nilsen was the lead artist of this single.[45] Its YouTube music video has been viewed over 312 million times.[48][49] On 27 July, he released “Darkside”, featuring Au/Ra from Ibiza and Norwegian singer Tomine Harket, daughter of A-ha vocalist Morten Harket.[50] On 21 August, he released a re-boot of his ‘Unmasked’ vlog series, in which he films behind the scenes of his concerts and personal life.[51] On 30 August, he released a remix of “Sheep” by Exo member Lay.[52] On 28 September, he released the single “Diamond Heart” featuring Sophia Somajo.[53] On 30 November, he released the single “Different World” from his debut studio album of the same name. The album was released on 14 December.[54] It contains the following new songs: Lost Control (featuring Sorana), I Don’t Wanna Go (featuring Julie Bergan), Lily (featuring K-391 and Emelie Hollow), Lonely (featuring Steve Aoki, ISAK, and Omar Noir), and Do It All For You (featuring Trevor Guthrie).[55] On 22 February, Walker released the single “Are You Lonely”, featuring American DJ Steve Aoki and ISAK. It is a remix of the original song ‘Lonely’ from his debut album Different World.[56] On 21 March, Walker released his single “On My Way” in partnership with PUBG, featuring Sabrina Carpenter and Farruko for the one-year anniversary of the game, it was the event’s theme song. Its YouTube music video has been viewed over 272 million times.[57] On July 25, Alan Walker released his new single, “Live Fast” featuring A$AP Rocky in collaboration with PUBG Mobile. On August 30, Alan Walker Premiered his new single “Play” with K-391, Tungevaag and Mangoo. 2 days later, they announced a remix contest with Liquid State for all of the music producers over the world to remix the track and upload it to YouTube using #PRESSPLAY which they offer the winners a studio-time with Alan Walker and his friends.[58] On October 17, Alan Walker released his new single “Ghost” with Au/Ra. The song appears on the Death Stranding: Timefall album, which is based on Hideo Kojima’s 2019 video game, Death Stranding. Au/Ra was the lead artist of this song. On 1 November, Walker released his new single “Avem (The Aviation Theme)”, launching his Aviation Tour and the Aviation mobile game. The song is a remake of “Norwegian Sunset”, the theme song featured in the 1970s popular Norwegian film Flåklypa Grand Prix.[59] On December 27, Alan Walker released his new single called, “Alone, Pt. II” featuring Ava Max. This song is a follow-up to his previous hit, “Alone”, but the styles of the two songs are very different. Its music video is the sequel to the video for “On My Way”. Its YouTube music video has been viewed over 136 million times. On March 6, Alan Walker along with K-391 and Ahrix released their new single called “End of Time”. This song is a revamped version of Ahrix’s “Nova”. On April 1, Alan released a song called “Heading Home” with the vocals of Ruben, where the video is an end of the trilogy which involved “On My Way” and “Alone, Pt. II”. On streaming services, he also inserted “heading_home_demo2016.wav” which is an older version of the song, which he previewed in 2016. On May 15, Alan released a remix of “Time”, a song from the soundtrack of the 2010 film Inception composed by Hans Zimmer. Both a regular and an extended version was released. In 2019, Alan’s music video ”Diamond Heart” received a nomination for Best Cinematography at the Berlin Music Video Awards.[60] His music video for ”Heading Home” featuring Ruben appears on the festival’s 2021 Silver Screenings selection list.[61] Artistic image Walker at Wind Music Awards Walker was originally known as “DJ Walkzz” or “Walkzz” when he started out. He ended up using his real name, Alan Walker, as his artist name after signing up with a record label. He designed his logo in 2013, a symbol consisting of intertwined letters “A” and “W” which are the initials of his name. He uses a hoodie and face mask when he performs on stage. When asked why he uses a mask during an interview by NRK, he stated that “It is to keep a low profile while maintaining the mental image they have given me. I think it’s pretty cool. A little twist that makes people ask themselves questions about who really is the person behind Alan Walker.”[62] On an episode of his Unmasked series, he stated that “The mask is more of a sign and a symbol of unity and being alike each other, rather than me being different.”[63][64] Discography Main article: Alan Walker discography Different World (2018) Tour Headlining Walker Tour (2016–2018) World of Walker Tour (2018) Different World Tour (2018—2019)[65] Aviation Tour (2019) Supporting Rihanna – Anti World Tour (2016)[66] Justin Bieber – Purpose World Tour (2017)[67] Martin Garrix – Thursdays at Ushuaïa[68] Awards and nominations Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Alan Walker References Litleskare, Tord (8 December 2017). “Feirer bursdagen i hjembyen med massivt show”. gaffa.no (in Norwegian). GAFFA. Retrieved 10 October 2018. “Alan Walker talks fame, gaming and music-making”. DJ Mag. 11 March 2018. https://twitter.com/DJmag/status/1325168827965927426?s=20 “Spellemannprisen 2016, Årets låt Faded”. NRK. Retrieved 28 February 2018. “Alan Walker: Unmasked (Episode 3)”. Alan Walker on YouTube. Retrieved 28 February 2018. “Alan Walker droppar maska”. NRK. 9 November 2016. “Alan Walker – Q&A #1”. YouTube. 12 August 2016. Alan Walker (10 February 2016), Alan Walker – Interview No. 1 (Behind The Scenes), retrieved 2 February 2017 Alan Walker (17 August 2014), Alan Walker – Fade, retrieved 6 February 2017 NoCopyrightSounds (19 November 2014), Alan Walker – Fade [NCS Release], retrieved 6 February 2017 “Alan Walker – Fade”. YouTube. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Fade – Alan Walker”. Spotify. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Alan Walker – Faded [NCS Release]”. SoundCloud. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Best Songs We Heard This Week: Jeremih, The 1975, Alan Walker + More”. “Alan Walker – Faded”. YouTube. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Faded – Alan Walker”. Spotify. Retrieved 25 January 2020. Blake, Emily. “Alan Walker, the 18-year-old behind that ‘Faded’ song, tells us what’s next”. “Alan Walker: From Bedroom Producer to Official Sia Remixer”. Billboard. Retrieved 10 December 2016. Alan Walker (11 February 2016), Alan Walker – Faded (Restrung), retrieved 2 February 2017 “EXCLUSIVE: Interview with ‘Faded’ hit maker Alan Walker”. Retrieved 18 January 2017 – via CelebMix. “DJ Alan Walker celebrates X Games Oslo”. X Games. ESPN. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016. “Alan Walker @ X Games Oslo 2016 – Live Tracklist”. 2 April 2016. “Big in Germany: Se Alan Walker feat. Zara Larsson på tyske Grammy’s”. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2017. “Se Zara Larsson gjøre Alan Walkers Faded” [See Zara Larsson do Alan Walker’s Faded]. NRJ.no (in Norwegian). 4 November 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2017. “Alan Walker – Sing Me to Sleep”. YouTube. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Sing Me To Sleep – Alan Walker”. Spotify. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Se Alan Walkers Ulriken-video her. Nå skal den ut til hele verden”. Bergens Tidende. bt.no. 2 December 2016. “Alan Walker – Alone”. YouTube. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Alone – Alan Walker”. Spotify. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Alan Walker – The Making of Alone (Behind The Scenes)”. YouTube. Alan Walker. Alan Walker (11 January 2017). “Alan Walker – Alone (Live Performance)” – via YouTube. “Alan Walker is Heading Home Bergen, Norway 2016 – Live Tracklist”. 22 December 2016. “Alan Walker is Heading Home”. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2016. Alan Walker (25 January 2020), Alan Walker x David Whistle – Routine, retrieved 3 February 2017 “Routine – Alan Walker”. Spotify. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “MOST SUBSCRIBED YOUTUBE CHANNELS AND YOUTUBERS IN NORWAY”. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “ALAN WALKER ANNOUNCES 2017 U.S. SHOWS”. RCA Records. Retrieved 24 March 2021. “Alan Walker ft. Gavin James – Tired”. YouTube. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2020. Meadow, Matthew (9 June 2017). “Alan Walker Drops New Track on EDC Compilation with Alex Skrindo”. YouTube. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Alan Walker Brings the Feel-Good Vibes With Noah Cyrus & Digital Farm Animals on ‘All Falls Down'”. Billboard. Tatiana Cirisano. Retrieved 27 October 2017. “Alan Walker – All Falls Down (feat. Noah Cyrus with Digital Farm Animals)”. YouTube. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2020. “Alan Walker & Armin van Buuren – Slow Lane”. YouTube. 30 March 2018. Gilmore, Grant (21 December 2020). “Armin van Buuren Releases Seven-Track ‘Euthymia’ EP”. EDM Identity. Retrieved 26 January 2021. “Coachella 2018 Lineup”. Stereogum. Retrieved 21 March 2019. “K-391 and Alan Walker Releases Gorgeous Vocal Version of ‘Ignite'”. EDM Sauce. 11 May 2018. “Innovative artist concept K-391 releases debut single, “Ignite” featuring Alan Walker, Julie Bergan and Seungri”. Vents Magazine. 11 May 2018. “BIGBANG’s Seungri Teams Up With DJ Alan Walker And Julie Bergan For Special Collaboration”. soompi. 9 May 2018. “Alan Walker & K-391 release a refreshed version of ‘Ignite,’ with Julie Bergan and SEUNGRI”. Dancing Astronaut. 4 June 2018. “K-391 & Alan Walker – Ignite (feat. Julie Bergan & Seungri)”. YouTube. 12 May 2018. Fold, The. “Alan Walker – Darkside feat. Au/Ra & Tomine Harket”. Alan Walker. Retrieved 6 August 2018. “Alan Walker: Unmasked Vlog (#1)” – via http://www.youtube.com. “Lay – Sheep (Alan Walker Relift)”. Alan Walker. Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2018. “Alan Walker feat. Sophia Somajo – Diamond Heart (Trailer)”. YouTube. 22 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018. Walker, Alan (16 November 2018). “Alan Walker: Different World (Trailer)”. Retrieved 16 November 2018 – via YouTube. Different World, retrieved 14 December 2018 Are You Lonely (feat. ISÁK), retrieved 23 February 2019 Alan Walker (21 March 2019), Alan Walker, Sabrina Carpenter & Farruko – On My Way, retrieved 26 June 2019 “How You Can Win Studio Time With Alan Walker and Friends”. Billboard. Retrieved 14 September 2019. “Alan Walker Releases Brand New Theme Song “Avem” (The Aviation Theme)”. RCA Records. Retrieved 18 November 2019. Berlin Music Video Awards. “Berlin Music Video Awards 2019 nominees”. berlinmva.com. Berlin Music Video Awards (16 April 2021). “2021 Silver Screenings”. berlinmva.com. NRK (9 July 2016). “Norges nye stjerne Alan Walker om suksessen: – Magisk”. “Alan Walker’s third episode of his ‘Unmasked’ series – EARMILK”. EARMILK. Retrieved 9 March 2018. “Alan Walker locked to play DJ Mag Miami Pool Party”. DJMag.com. DJ Mag Staff. 28 February 2018. Meier, Sam (13 November 2018). “Alan Walker Announces ‘Different World Tour'”. promotionmusicnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2018. “Alan Walker varmer opp for Rihanna”. vg.no. 23 June 2016. “Alan Walker to join Justin Bieber on India Tour”. India Today. 8 April 2017. Andrew Rafter (9 June 2017). “Martin Garrix Reveals Full Line-Up For Thursdays at Ushuaïa in Ibiza”. DJ Mag. Retrieved 13 June 2017

BTS BAND

https://learnmusicion.blogspot.com/2021/06/bts-band.html

(Korean: 방탄소년단; RR: Bangtan Sonyeondan), also known as the Bangtan Boys, is a seven-member South Korean boy band that began formation in 2010 and debuted in 2013 under Big Hit Entertainment.[4] The septet—composed of Jin, Suga, J-Hope, RM, Jimin, V, and Jungkook—co-writes and co-produces much of their own output. Originally a hip hop group, their musical style has evolved to include a wide range of genres. Their lyrics, often focused on personal and social commentary, touch on the themes of mental health, troubles of school-age youth and coming-of-age, loss, the journey towards loving oneself, and individualism. Their work features references to literature and psychological concepts and includes an alternative universe storyline. The group has released several albums and performed on several world tours. After debuting in 2013 with their single album 2 Cool 4 Skool, BTS released their first Korean-language studio album, Dark & Wild, and Japanese-language studio album, Wake Up, in 2014. The group’s second Korean studio album, Wings (2016), was their first to sell one million copies in South Korea. By 2017, BTS crossed into the global music market, leading the Korean Wave into the United States and breaking numerous sales records. They became the first Korean group to receive a certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for their single “Mic Drop”, as well as the first Korean act to top the US Billboard 200 chart with their studio album Love Yourself: Tear (2018). BTS also became the fastest group since the Beatles to earn four US number-one albums, doing so in less than two years. Love Yourself: Answer (2018) was the first Korean album certified platinum by the RIAA. In 2020, BTS became the first all-South Korean act to reach number one on the Billboard Global 200 and US Billboard Hot 100 with their Grammy-nominated single “Dynamite” and remix of “Savage Love (Laxed – Siren Beat)” and, with the release of “Life Goes On”, became the first group to have two number one debuts on the Hot 100. Having sold over 20 million albums on the Gaon Music Chart, BTS is the best-selling artist in South Korean history and holds the best-selling album in South Korea with Map of the Soul: 7. They are the first and only Asian and non-English speaking act to be named the IFPI Global Recording Artist of the Year (2020) and to chart on Billboard’s Top Touring Artists of the 2010s (placing at number 45). During their Love Yourself World Tour, BTS became the first Asian and first non-English speaking act to headline and sell out Wembley Stadium and broke the record for the single highest-grossing engagement in Rose Bowl Stadium history. Featured on Time’s international cover as “Next Generation Leaders”, BTS has also appeared in the magazine’s lists of the 25 most influential people on the internet (2017–2019) and the 100 most influential people in the world (2019), where they were dubbed “Princes of Pop”. Throughout their career, BTS received numerous accolades for their work, including 6 American Music Awards, 9 Billboard Music Awards and 24 Golden Disk Awards, and nominations for a Grammy Award and a Brit Award. Following the establishment of their Love Myself anti-violence campaign in partnership with UNICEF, BTS addressed the United Nations 73rd and 75th General Assemblies and became the youngest ever recipients of the Order of Cultural Merit from the President of South Korea due to their contributions in spreading Korean culture and language. Contents 1 Name 2 Career 2.1 2010–2014: Formation and early years 2.2 2014-2017: First concert tour to international expansion 2.2.1 Moderate success and first concert tour 2.2.2 Mainstream breakthrough and commercial success 2.2.3 International expansion and collaborations 2.3 2018-2020: Worldwide recognition to “Dynamite” and Be 2.3.1 Worldwide recognition 2.3.2 Map of the Soul: Persona, stadium world tour and BTS World 2.3.3 Map of the Soul: 7, “Dynamite” and Be 2.4 2021–present: BTS, the Best and “Butter” 3 Artistry 3.1 Influences 3.2 Musical style 3.3 Lyrical themes 4 Legacy and cultural impact 4.1 Legacy 4.2 Cultural impact 5 Awards and achievements 6 Commercial influence and philanthropy 6.1 Commercial influence 6.2 Endorsements 6.3 Philanthropy 6.4 BTS Universe 7 Members 8 Discography 9 Tours 10 Filmography 10.1 Exhibitions 10.2 Film 10.3 Television 10.4 Online shows 11 References 12 External links Name The group’s name, BTS, stands for the Korean expression Bangtan Sonyeondan (Korean: 방탄소년단; Hanja: 防彈少年團), literally meaning “Bulletproof Boy Scouts”. According to member J-Hope, the name signifies the group’s desire “to block out stereotypes, criticisms, and expectations that aim on adolescents like bullets”.[5][6] In Japan, they are known as Bōdan Shōnendan (防弾少年団), which translates similarly.[7] In July 2017, BTS announced that their name would also stand for “Beyond the Scene” as part of their new brand identity.[8] This extended their name to mean “growing youth BTS who is going beyond the realities they are facing, and going forward.”[9] Career BTS in 2013 performing at the Incheon Music Center 2010–2014: Formation and early years BTS began its formation in 2010 after Big Hit Entertainment CEO Bang Si-hyuk met with group leader RM and was impressed with his rapping.[10] BTS was originally supposed to be a hip-hop group similar to YG Entertainment’s 1TYM,[11] but between their initial formation and their debut, Bang Si-hyuk decided that the contemporary youth needed instead “a hero who can lend them a shoulder to lean on, even without speaking a single word”.[12] The group was meant to debut in 2011 and featured on several tracks by artists such as 2AM and Lee Seung-gi before their debut was postponed and the group was reorganized into a more traditional idol group.[13] The lineup was then finalized with Jin, Suga, J-Hope, RM, Jimin, V, and Jungkook in 2012. Six months prior to their debut, they began to gain attention for their presence on various social media websites, as well as song covers on YouTube and SoundCloud.[14][15] We started to tell the stories that people wanted to hear and were ready to hear, stories that other people could not or would not tell. We said what other people were feeling—like pain, anxieties and worries. That was our goal, to create this empathy that people can relate to. —Suga[16] On June 12, 2013, BTS released their debut single album 2 Cool 4 Skool, the first installment in their “school trilogy” series, simultaneously with its lead single “No More Dream”, which peaked at number 124 in Korea before quickly falling off the charts.[17][18] While the album peaked at number five in South Korea and eventually sold over 145,000 copies,[19] it was not a major hit, selling only 24,000 copies in 2013.[20] Their subsequent single “We Are Bulletproof Pt. 2” failed to chart. In 2 Cool 4 Skool, BTS employed an old-school hip-hop sound with scratches from the 1980s–90s and excessively fierce visuals.[21] BTS have stated that from their inception, they were convinced that telling their story was the only way for the younger generation to relate to their music.[22] The lyrics of the album primarily reflected on the misunderstanding and prejudice towards them, criticism of the society that diminishes their dreams, and their anxiety and determination towards their future.[21] During the production of the album, Suga and RM rewrote the lyrics of “No More Dream” more than 20 times.[22] The single album’s release was followed by several appearances on Korean music shows.[23][24] Despite being unpolished, critics say these early live performances demonstrated BTS’ potential with their intense and charismatic stage presence.[23] Expanding their endeavors to Japan, “No More Dream” was later re-recorded in Japanese and released in June 2014.[25] In September 2013, BTS released the second part to their “school trilogy,” the extended play O!RUL8,2?, along with its single “N.O,” which peaked at number 92 in Korea.[26] The EP peaked at number four in Korea and has sold over 160,000 copies to date, including 34,000 copies in its release year.[27] Musically, BTS did not fundamentally change their sound as compared with 2 Cool 4 Skool, utilizing fiery rapping along with trap beats, brass, and soulful melodies. Lyrically, the EP expanded on the theme of dreams and happiness, revealing their frustration under the harsh Korean education system and their determination to confront the struggle of proving themselves.[28] Despite several performances on Korean music shows, the single quickly fell off the charts.[29] That same month, BTS starred in their own variety show, SBS MTV’s Rookie King Channel Bangtan, based on a fake broadcast station, “Channel Bangtan”, through which members parodied variety shows such as VJ Special Forces and MasterChef Korea.[30] At the end of the year, BTS was recognized with several New Artist of the Year awards, including the 5th Melon Music Awards, 28th Golden Disc Awards and the 23rd Seoul Music Awards.[31] 2014-2017: First concert tour to international expansion Moderate success and first concert tour Exterior of the nightclub Troubadour (photo taken 2006) where BTS held their first concert in the United States for free The last act of their “school trilogy”, the EP Skool Luv Affair,[4] was released in January 2014 and topped the Gaon Album Chart, selling 100,000 copies in 2014 and over 250,000 copies overall.[32] It also marked BTS’ first appearance on Billboard’s World Albums Chart, peaking at number three.[4][33] The album was supported by the singles “Boy in Luv” (Korean: 상남자; RR: Sang-namja) and “Just One Day” (Korean: 하루만; RR: Haruman), which peaked at number 45 and number 149 in Korea, respectively.[34] While Skool Luv Affair musically retained much of their hip-hop influences with the incorporation of R&B and hard rock, the album coincided with a thematic shift from dreams and happiness to love, focusing on school-age and youthful love.[35] Following Skool Luv Affair’s release, BTS made several appearances on Korean music shows and held their first fan meeting that March with an audience of 3,000 fans in Seoul.[36][37] That July, BTS held their first concert in the United States in West Hollywood for free to an audience of 200 fans.[38] In August, the group also made their first appearance at KCON in Los Angeles.[39] In August 2014, BTS released their first Korean studio album, Dark & Wild, which peaked at number two in Korea and sold over 200,000 copies total.[40] It was supported by two singles: “Danger” and “War of Hormone” (Korean: 호르몬 전쟁; RR: Horeumon Jeonjaeng), which peaked at number 58 and number 173 in Korea, respectively.[41] The album served as a narrative extension of the “school trilogy” and a transition into their next series. Musically, the album fused the grungy electric guitar sounds of rock within the framework of hip-hop and continued to expand their sound towards R&B. The central theme of the album’s lyrics focused on expressing the sentiments of maturing, youthful desires, and impatience for romance.[42] During production of the album, BTS recorded their single “Danger” in a makeshift studio in a garage in Los Angeles.[43] Following several appearances on Korean music shows,[44] BTS embarked on their first concert tour, 2014 BTS Live Trilogy Episode II: The Red Bullet, from October to December, held in various halls and theaters in six cities: Seoul, Kobe, Tokyo, Manila, Singapore, and Bangkok.[45] Their first Japanese studio album, Wake Up (2014), released that December, peaked at number three on the weekly Oricon Albums Chart and sold 28,000 copies.[46] Along with re-recorded Japanese versions of older songs, it also contained the original tracks “Wake Up” and “The Stars.”[47] In support of the album, BTS held their 1st Japan Tour 2015 Wake Up: Open Your Eyes in February 2015 to an audience of 25,000 fans in four cities.[48] After ending their Japan tour, BTS held their second solo concert in Korea, BTS Live Trilogy Episode I: BTS Begins, in March to a crowd of 6,500 fans.[49] Mainstream breakthrough and commercial success Shifting their sound and image from solely aggressive, masculine hip hop to more diverse styles,[50] BTS wanted to express the beauty and anxiousness of “youth” and settled on the title of “花樣年華” (Korean: 화양연화; RR: Hwayangyeonhwa), loosely interpreted to define “youth” as “the most beautiful moment in life.”[51] Their third EP, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life, Part 1 (March 2015), explored the growth and emotional agony of youth as well as its playful and uplifting sides.[50] Fuse included it as the only Korean album on their list of the “27 Best Albums of 2015 So Far.”[52] The EP has sold over 415,000 copies to date.[53] Its lead single “I Need U” was BTS’ first top five hit in Korea[54] and garnered BTS first ever music show win on SBS MTV’s The Show.[55] While its second single, “Dope (Korean: 쩔어; RR: Jjeoreo)”, only peaked at number 44 in Korea,[56] it peaked at number three on Billboard’s World Digital Songs Chart[57] and became their first music video to accrue over 100 million views on YouTube in October.[58] The group began the world tour extension of their Red Bullet Tour in June, titled 2015 Live Trilogy Episode II: The Red Bullet, visiting cities throughout Asia, Oceania, North America, and Latin America.[45] Their fourth Japanese single, “For You”, was released on June 17 to celebrate the first anniversary of their Japanese debut and topped Oricon’s daily chart, selling over 42,000 copies within its first day.[59] BTS later performed at Japan’s Summer Sonic Festival on August 15 and 16.[60][61] In November, BTS commenced their third concert tour, 2015 BTS LIVE “The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: On Stage”, debuting their new song and the lead single from their fourth EP The Most Beautiful Moment in Life, Part 2, “Run”, during the Seoul dates.[62] Thematically, the EP focused more on the serious and speculative aspects of youth, touching on the pursuit of success, loneliness, affection for their origins, and the suffering of the younger generation due to unfavorable conditions in current society. Critically, it was praised as the successful merging of the style of The Most Beautiful Moment in Life, Part 1 with BTS’ initial identity.[63] The album topped the weekly Gaon Album and Billboard World Albums charts and BTS became the first K-pop act to remain atop the latter for multiple weeks.[64][65] It also marked their first appearance on the Billboard 200 chart, peaking at number 171 with over 5,000 copies.[66] BTS were awarded Best World Performer at the 17th Mnet Asian Music Awards in recognition of their international fan base. BTS performing at KCON France in Paris on June 2, 2016 Their first Korean compilation album and the finale to their “youth series”, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: Young Forever, was released in May 2016. It included three new singles: the top 40 hit “Epilogue: Young Forever”, the top 10 hit “Fire” (Korean: 불타오르네; RR: Bultaoreune), and the top 20 hit “Save Me”.[67][68] The album topped Gaon Weekly Chart in Korea for two consecutive weeks and peaked at number 107 on the U.S. Billboard 200.[69][70][71] The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: Young Forever later won BTS’ first major Korean award for Album of the Year at the 8th Melon Music Awards.[72] BTS embarked on their Asia tour extension, 2016 BTS LIVE “The Most Beautiful Moment in Life On Stage: Epilogue”, from May to August, visiting 10 cities and performing to 144,000 fans.[73] During their tour, BTS held a landmark two-day concert at the Olympic Gymnastics Arena in Seoul in May,[74] and performed as first time headliners at both U.S. KCON shows held that year in Newark (June) and Los Angeles (July), to sold-out audiences.[75][76] In line with their other successes, they became the first K-pop group to receive their own Twitter emoji in May 2016.[77] BTS win their first major Korean award for Album of the Year at the 8th Melon Music Awards on November 19, 2016. In September 2016, BTS released their second Japanese studio album Youth.[78] It sold over 44,000 copies on its first day of release and peaked at number one in Japan.[79] Pre-orders for their second Korean studio album Wings, released in October 2016, accumulated over 500,000 copies within the first week.[80] Wings combined the themes of youth presented in their previous “youth series” with temptation and adversity and, for the first time as a major group effort, included seven solo tracks that demonstrated each members’ potential and individuality as independent musicians.[81] The album was generally well received by critics, with Rolling Stone naming it “one of the most conceptually and sonically ambitious pop albums of 2016,”[82] while Fuse praised the “vulnerable and honest song material” and diverse tracks.[83] The lead single “Blood Sweat & Tears” achieved a music chart “all-kill” in South Korea[84] and became their first number one hit on the weekly Gaon Digital Chart.[85] Its music video gained over 6 million views within 24 hours, breaking the previous record held on YouTube for the highest number of views of a K-pop group music video within 24 hours.[86] Wings opened at number 26 on the U.S. Billboard 200, the highest chart ranking ever for a K-pop album,[87] and BTS became the first Korean group to top the Billboard Social 50 chart that month.[88] It was their first “million seller” album,[89] moving over 1.5 million copies in South Korea that year and became the best-selling album in Gaon Album Chart history at the time.[90] BTS were the first artist not from a “Big Three” entertainment company (SM, YG and JYP) to win Artist of the Year at the 18th Mnet Asian Music Awards in December.[91][92] International expansion and collaborations In February 2017, BTS released the repackaged edition of Wings (2016), entitled You Never Walk Alone. Pre-orders of the repackage reached over 700,000 copies, breaking the record for most albums sold in a month.[93][94] The repackage included an additional four tracks that offered consolation and encouragement to its listeners.[95] Its lead single, “Spring Day” (Korean: 봄날; RR: Bomnal) met critical praise as “an intelligent, compelling and elegantly restrained study of loss and longing” that “deliberately avoids cliché pomp and drama” by Dazed Digital.[96] Embodying nostalgia and sorrow, it opened a new chapter in BTS’ aesthetics and lyricism and attracted fans across generational boundaries.[81] Upon release, “Spring Day” topped eight of the major South Korean online music charts, as well as Gaon,[97][98] and crashed Melon’s digital chart due to the high influx of user traffic.[99] It also entered the U.S. Billboard’s Bubbling Under Hot 100 singles chart at number 15 with “zero promotions.”[100] As evidence of its staying power, “Spring Day” is the longest-charting song on Melon to date.[101] “Spring Day” later won Best Song of the Year at the 9th Melon Music Awards.[102][103] BTS at their press conference in Seoul, South Korea after winning Top Social Artist at the 24th Billboard Music Awards on May 29, 2017 In conjunction with the release of You Never Walk Alone, BTS commenced their second world tour, 2017 BTS Live Trilogy Episode III: The Wings Tour, from February to December. The tour visited 12 countries including Brazil, Australia, Japan, Hong Kong, and the United States and gathered 550,000 fans.[104] On the tour, BTS began to play progressively larger venues, moving from halls into arenas and domes. Tickets for the North American leg sold out within minutes and two additional shows were added due to high demand, making BTS the first K-pop act to sell out arenas in the United States.[105][106] After completing their North American leg, BTS attended the 24th Billboard Music Awards in May and won Top Social Artist, becoming the first Korean group awarded a Billboard Music Award.[107] Celebrating Korean music icon Seo Taiji’s 25th anniversary as a part of his anniversary project “Time: Traveler”, BTS released a remake of Seo Taiji’s 1995 classic “Come Back Home” in July 2017, reworking the sound and lyrics to similar sentiments toward societal change that Seo Taiji argued for in his songs.[108] BTS was later invited by Seo Taiji to perform as backup vocalists and dancers for eight songs in his Seoul Olympic Stadium concert held early September. During the concert, Seo Taiji acknowledged BTS’ thematic similarities to his music and recognized the group as his musical successors, declaring, “This is your generation now. Show them.”[109][110] Following the depiction of growth and temptation in Wings (2016) and consolation in You Never Walk Alone (2017), BTS embarked on their “Love Yourself” series which sought the enlightenment of self-love through the “起承轉結” (Korean: 기승전결; RR: Giseungjeongyeol) narrative sequence of “beginning, development, turn, and conclusion.”[111] In September 2017, BTS released the first part of the series, their fifth EP, Love Yourself: Her[112] and featured music from the Chainsmokers’ Andrew Taggart for the track “Best of Me”.[113] The EP was supported by two singles: the lead single “DNA” and a Steve Aoki remix of their song “Mic Drop” featuring American rapper Desiigner. In the narrative sequence, the EP represented the “承,” or “development” of the series and is considered by RM to be one of the major turning points in BTS’ career.[114] Within the larger narrative, Love Yourself: Her described the joy and happiness of falling in love.[111] Sonically, the EP served as “a dual exploration of the group’s electro-pop and hip-hop leanings,” with the first half consisting of “dance tracks that emphasize the group’s vocals” while in the second half “the act’s hip-hop side arrives in earnest…delivering powerful rap performances.”[115] BTS at the 45th American Music Awards shortly before making their debut performance on U.S. television on November 19, 2017 Commercially, BTS continued to hit new career heights with the Love Yourself: Her EP, debuting at number seven on the Billboard 200 with 31,000 album-equivalent units.[116] In Korea, the EP sold over 1.2 million copies on the Gaon Album Chart in its first month, achieving the highest monthly album sales in the chart’s history and the highest on any Korean chart in 16 years, second to g.o.d’s Chapter 4 album in 2001.[117] The single “DNA” was released simultaneously with the EP and debuted at number two in Korea. Its music video broke the previous record for most viewed K-pop group music video within the first 24 hours with more than 20 million views on YouTube.[118] “DNA” also became the group’s first entry on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 85, making BTS the first K-pop boy band to do so and the second Korean act with a Korean-language song.[119] The following week, “DNA” rose to number 67 and became the highest-charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 for a K-pop group, beating Wonder Girls’ previous record at number 76.[120] The following single “Mic Drop (Remix)” peaked at number 28 on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming the first top 40 entry for a K-pop group on the chart.[121][122] Both “Mic Drop Remix” and “DNA” were later certified Gold[123] by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)[124] making BTS the first and only Korean artist to receive two certifications.[125] “Mic Drop” went on to receive Platinum certification in November 2018, making BTS the first Korean group with a Platinum-certified single in the United States.[126] In December 2017, “DNA” and “Mic Drop” were released as a triple-A side single in Japan with the new song “Crystal Snow”,[127] which topped the Oricon Chart[128] and became the highest-selling single from a K-pop artist within a week.[129] The single sold more than 380,000 copies by the end of the year and BTS became the only foreign artist to have a single certified double platinum by the RIAJ that year.[130][131][132][133][134] In November 2017, BTS became the first K-pop group to perform at the American Music Awards,[135][136] raising their profile internationally.[137][138] That same month, Guinness World Records revealed that BTS had earned a spot in their 2018 edition for “having the world’s most Twitter engagements for a music group”.[139] In December, they also became the first K-pop group to perform on Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve to welcome the new year[140] and made their Japanese TV music show debut on TV Asahi’s Japan Music Station Super Live.[141] At the end of the year, BTS won their second Artist of the Year at the 19th Mnet Asian Music Awards,[142] becoming the first act to win the award two years in a row.[143][144] They also became the first artist outside of the “Big Three” to win major awards at the Golden Disc Awards[145] and the Seoul Music Awards, respectively.[146] 2018-2020: Worldwide recognition to “Dynamite” and Be Worldwide recognition In the lead up to their next album, BTS released an original eight-episode documentary series exclusively on YouTube Premium entitled Burn the Stage that ran from March until May 2018, offering a behind-the-scenes look at the group’s 2017 Wings Tour.[147][148] In April, the group also released their third Japanese studio album, Face Yourself,[149] which debuted at number 43 on the Billboard 200 as the third-highest-charting Japanese album in the history of the chart.[150] In conjunction with the release of Face Yourself, the group released a nine-minute short film titled “Euphoria: Theme of Love Yourself: Wonder,” which featured the song “Euphoria” and embodied the “起” or “beginning” of the narrative sequence.[151] BTS at their press conference for Love Yourself: Tear on May 24, 2018 In May 2018, BTS released their third Korean-language studio album, Love Yourself: Tear in conjunction with an appearance at the 25th Billboard Music Awards.[152] At the show, BTS debuted as performers with the premiere of their lead single, “Fake Love”[153] and won Top Social Artist, making them the only Korean artist to win the award two years in a row.[154][155] In the narrative sequence, the album coincided with the “轉” or “turn” of the series, touching on the tortuous enlightenment of loving without being loved and encouragement to those without dreams.[156] It received generally positive reviews from critics. Caitlin Kelley from Billboard described the album as “one of their most thematically cohesive yet sonically varied albums, with maximalist production erupting against lyrics about emptiness,”[157] while Sheldon Pearce of Pitchfork wrote that the album “formula is a slick, loosely thematic album about love and loss, with a stronger focus on rapping than ever before” and that it “aims for cohesion and produces fun, prismatic songs in the process.”[158] Commercially, Love Yourself: Tear was one of BTS’ most successful albums, bringing them to new heights both domestically and internationally. The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 with 135,000 album-equivalent units (including 100,000 pure album sales), becoming BTS’ highest-charting and first number one album in the US, the first K-pop album to top the U.S. albums chart, and the highest-charting album by an Asian act.[159][160] Love Yourself: Tear also became BTS’ first top ten hit in the United Kingdom, reaching number eight on the UK Albums Chart.[161] Their single “Fake Love” became their first top ten hit at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming the seventeenth non-English song to reach the top ten and the first by a Korean group.[162][163] “Fake Love” later became their third single to attain Gold certification by the RIAA that August.[164] In South Korea, Love Yourself: Tear sold over 1.6 million copies in its first two weeks, making it the highest monthly sales for an album since the Gaon Chart’s inception at that time.[165] As the conclusion of the Love Yourself series, BTS released their second Korean compilation album Love Yourself: Answer in August 2018,[166] which contained songs from the previous Love Yourself releases along with seven additional new tracks.[167] The album was supported by the lead single “Idol” and the alternative digital release featuring Nicki Minaj.[168][169] Thematically, Love Yourself: Answer placed the songs of the Love Yourself series within the narrative of beginning, development, turn and conclusion to illustrate the excitement of love, the pains of farewell, and the enlightenment of self-love.[170] Critically, the album received generally positive reviews, with Billboard calling it a “masterful culmination of years of work and rife with meaning” and “undeniably a magnum opus from BTS that that few other artists, boy bands or otherwise, ever can hope to achieve.”[171] Commercially, the record sold over 1.9 million copies on the Gaon Album Chart in August 2018, breaking the chart’s all-time monthly record once again.[172] The album became BTS’ second number-one album on the U.S. Billboard 200 and their highest sales week in the country at that time,[173] making BTS the only K-pop act with two Billboard 200 toppers and the first pop act with two number one albums in less than a year since One Direction topped the chart with Midnight Memories in 2013 and Four in 2014.[173] Love Yourself: Answer later became the first Korean language album to be certified Gold by the RIAA in November.[126] In Canada, Love Yourself: Answer became the group’s first number-one album on the Canadian Albums Chart. In the United States, “Idol” peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100.[174] The single “Idol” also reached number five on the Canadian Singles Chart, marking BTS’ first top-ten hit in Canada.[175] The music video for “Idol” received over 45 million views in its first 24 hours on YouTube, breaking the record previously set by Taylor Swift with “Look What You Made Me Do”.[176] “Idol” and Love Yourself: Answer later received platinum certifications, both selling more than 1 million certified units in the United States. “Idol” became the group’s third Platinum single while Answer became the group’s first Platinum album, making BTS the first Korean artist to attain this certification in the US.[177] New York City’s Citi Field, the venue for BTS’ first stadium concert in the United States, sold out in 20 minutes. In conjunction with Love Yourself: Answer’s release in August 2018, BTS commenced their third world tour, BTS World Tour: Love Yourself, with a landmark concert in the Seoul Olympic Stadium, the largest stadium in South Korea.[178] During their tour, BTS also featured on Steve Aoki’s single “Waste It on Me” released that October, which was their first and only all-English language feature.[179][180] On tour, BTS continued to play to progressively larger venues from arenas to domes to stadiums. For the final stop of the North American leg, the group performed at Citi Field in Queens, marking the first time a Korean act has performed at a U.S. stadium.[181] All 40,000 tickets for the stadium date sold out in under 20 minutes.[182] According to StubHub BTS was one of 2018’s best-selling concerts in international markets outside the US, second to only Ed Sheeran.[183] Vivid Seats named BTS the 2018 artist of the year, citing the group’s history-making concert at Citi Field.[184] The tour also received generally positive reviews from critics. Philip Cosores from Uproxx described BTS’ four nights at the Staples Center as an “enormous, multi-sensory experience” bringing an “inclusive” and “multicultural experience” where music is above any language barrier,[185] while Crystal Bell from MTV said “BTS have created an experience so captivating, so inclusive, and so visually stunning that it’s cemented the boy band as one of the most vital acts in pop music today.”[186] That October, with more than a year remaining in their contract, BTS renewed their contract with Big Hit Entertainment through 2026.[187] In early November 2018, a popular Japanese music show cancelled BTS’ performance citing a T-shirt a member wore the year before.[188] In the same month the Jewish human rights organization Simon Wiesenthal Center (SWC) stated BTS owed victims an apology for the shirt in 2017, clothing with Nazi symbolism, and a flag.[189] Big Hit Entertainment issued an apology, saying that the images on the clothing were not intended to be hurtful to the victims of Nazism or atomic bombings, and that the group and management would take steps to prevent future mistakes. They also stated the flags were meant to be a commentary on the Korean school system.[190] The apology was accepted by SWC and the Korean Atomic Bomb Victim Association.[191][192] Crossing over to film, BTS released Burn the Stage: The Movie in theaters worldwide in November 2018 to commercial success. In the United States it accumulated US$1.2 million on opening day for a total of $3.54 million over the three day weekend, breaking the record for the highest grossing event cinema musical production which was previously set in 2014 by the band One Direction. It ranked at number ten in the box office despite selling at only 620 locations compared to the 2,000-4,000 locations for the other top ten sellers.[193] At the end of the year, BTS won their third Artist of the Year at the 20th Mnet Asian Music Awards in a row and ranked number eight on Billboard’s year-end Top Artist Chart alongside the likes of Drake and Taylor Swift and were also the number two act of the year in the Duo/Group ranking, only behind Imagine Dragons.[194][195] They also made the Bloomberg 50 due to their “willingness to address social issues, mental health, and politics, despite being in a genre often painted as bubble gum pop”.[196] The group sold more than 10 million albums in South Korea alone, with 5 million being sold in 2018 alone.[197] Map of the Soul: Persona, stadium world tour and BTS World In February 2019, BTS attended the 61st Grammy Awards as award presenters.[198][199] It was their first time attending the event following an appearance by the group at the LA Grammy Museum in 2018.[200][201] In April, BTS became the first Asian act to surpass 5 billion streams on Spotify,[202] and Time named them as one of Time 100’s most influential people of 2019.[203] Their sixth EP, Map of the Soul: Persona, was released on April 12 with the lead single “Boy with Luv” (Korean: 작은 것들을 위한 시; RR: Jageun geotdeureul wihan si), featuring American singer Halsey.[204] The EP’s release was followed by a performance on Saturday Night Live, as the first Korean act to do so.[205] The group’s appearance was anticipated as one of the biggest in the show’s history.[206] Commercially, BTS reached new career heights. Map of the Soul: Persona became the first Korean-language album to reach the number one position in both the UK and Australia[207][208] and the group’s third consecutive album to top the Billboard 200 and the third within eleven months, joining the likes of the Beatles, who achieved the same in 1995–96. BTS are also the fastest group to get three number one albums since The Monkees in 1967.[209] The EP became the best selling physical album in the US for the year of 2019, with 312,000 physical sales.[210] Map of the Soul: Persona later became the best-selling album ever in South Korea, with more than 3.2 million sales in less than a month. Prior to BTS, the best-selling were dominated by late 1990s albums, making BTS the only act formed after 2000 to be featured in the top 10 best-selling list.[211] “Boy with Luv” debuted at number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100, the highest in history for a Korean group,[212] and its music video became the most-viewed online video within the first 24 hours as of 2019, accumulating more than 74.6 million views.[213] “Boy with Luv” was certified in multiple countries, including Australia where it was certified Gold for selling 35,000 units,[214] and the US where the RIAA certified it Platinum for selling over 1 million units.[215] “Boy with Luv” was also certified Silver by the BPI, for selling over 200,000 units, making it BTS’ first single to attain this certification in the UK.[216]Map of the Soul: Persona also attained Silver in the UK and Gold in France, selling over 60,000 units and 50,000 units respectively.[217][218] BTS performing at Pasadena, California’s Rose Bowl in front of 60,000 fans Following their two wins at the 26th Billboard Music Awards in May, including for Top Duo/Group, BTS embarked on their world tour stadium extension, Love Yourself: Speak Yourself, with dates in multiple stadium venues including Wembley Stadium, Stade de France, MetLife Stadium, Rose Bowl, and Soldier Field.[219] With this they became the first Asian and first non-English speaking artist ever to headline and sell out Wembley Stadium.[220][221] Their concerts at Rose Bowl had broken the record for highest-grossing single engagement in the venue’s Boxscore history, surpassing Taylor Swift’s and U2’s previous dates there.[222] All dates sold out within two hours, with second dates for all venues added due to the high demand.[223] During the tour, BTS performed on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert[224] and kicked off Good Morning America’s ‘Summer Concert Series’ as headliners at Central Park in Manhattan.[225] They also performed on the finale episode of The Voice[226] and one of the semi-finals of Britain’s Got Talent.[227] In the lead up to the release of their new mobile game BTS World set for June 2019, BTS released three collaboration singles, “Dream Glow” featuring English singer Charli XCX,[228] “A Brand New Day” with Swedish singer Zara Larsson,[229] and “All Night” with American rapper Juice Wrld.[230] The group also released the song “Heartbeat” with a music video from the game’s official soundtrack, titled BTS World: Original Soundtrack.[231] The soundtrack was later certified Double Platinum by Gaon on August 8 for surpassing 500,000 copies sold, the first soundtrack album to receive the certification since Gaon implemented it last year.[232] Developed by South Korean company Netmarble, the game was released on June 26 to iOS and Android systems in over 175 countries.[233] BTS released their tenth Japanese single “Lights” on July 3.[234] Pre-orders for the double A-side single surpassed 1 million copies, breaking a 24-year-old record for foreign artists previously held only by Celine Dion with her 1995 single “To Love You More”, and marked the first time a Korean artist achieved a million shipment for a single in Japan.[235][236] “Lights” went on to sell over 1 million copies and received Million certification by the RIAJ on August 8, the first time a male act achieved this since Masafumi Akikawa’s August 2007 single, “A Thousand Winds”. It is BTS’ first million certification in Japan since their debut.[237] Love Yourself: Her and Love Yourself: Tear both crossed 2 million copies in August,[238] and Love Yourself: Tear was awarded Double Million certification by Gaon. It is BTS’ second album to do so following Love Yourself: Answer’s certification in October 2018.[239][240] All three albums of the Love Yourself series have sold more than 2 million copies each in South Korea. Love Yourself: Tear later attained Silver in the UK, becoming their third album to be attain this certification following Love Yourself: Answer and Map of the Soul: Persona.[241] In October, BTS performed at King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh, becoming the first foreign act to perform a solo concert in Saudi Arabia.[242] For the final stop of their record-breaking Love Yourself: Speak Yourself World Tour, the group held a run of three sold-out nights at Seoul’s Olympic Stadium to close this chapter of their story.[243] According to Billboard’s year-end Boxscore charts, the group grossed over $196 million and played to more than 1.6 million people across 42 shows in the chart period ranging from November 1, 2018 to October 31, 2019 and ranked third overall on the year-end Top 40 Tours chart behind Ed Sheeran and Pink.[244] The group outgrossed legacy rock acts like the Rolling Stones, Metallica, and KISS, as well as fellow boy band the Backstreet Boys, making them the top-grossing touring group of 2019.[245] That same month, the group released a remix version of the song “Make It Right” featuring American singer Lauv as the second single from their album Map of the Soul: Persona.[246] In November, BTS became the first K-pop group to win the Favorite Duo or Group – Pop/Rock at the 2019 American Music Awards and the Favourite Social Artist award consecutively in 2018 and 2019.[247] In December, they attended both the 2019 Melon Music Awards and 2019 Mnet Asian Music Awards. The group became the first artist in the history of K-pop to receive all grand prizes from both ceremonies; getting four from each award show.[248][249][250] At the end of the year, BTS ranked number fifteen on Billboard’s year-end Top Artist Chart and were also the number two act of the year in the Duo/Group ranking, only behind Jonas Brothers.[251][252] They were named as 2019 Hitmakers Group of the Year by Variety.[253] They were also the most tweeted-about musicians of 2019.[254] On December 31, 2019, BTS performed in New York City’s Times Square for ABC’s Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve.[255] At the 34th Golden Disc Awards, BTS became the first artists in history to win grand prizes in both the physical and digital categories in a single year.[256] Map of the Soul: Persona was named the second best-selling physical album of 2019 in the U.S. by Nielsen Music only behind Taylor Swift’s Lover and was ranked sixth overall on the chart of Top 10 Albums (Total Sales) in the U.S.[257] BTS wrapped 2019 as the fourth most successful group on Billboard’s Top Billboard 200 Artists – Duo/Group ranking, only behind Queen, Imagine Dragons and the Beatles.[258] With strong global sales of 2.5 million pure album units, Map of the Soul: Persona was named as the third best-selling album of 2019 by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, making BTS the first Korean artist to be listed on the Global Top 10 Album Chart for two consecutive years.[259][260][261] Map of the Soul: Persona was also the second best-selling global album by a band only behind Arashi’s 5×20 All the Best!! 1999–2019.[262] Attributing to the album’s critical and commercial success worldwide, the IFPI named BTS as one of the best-selling artists of 2019 for a second consecutive year, making them the first non-English speaking act to achieve this.[263][264] Map of the Soul: 7, “Dynamite” and Be In January 2020, BTS released “Black Swan” along with a choreography art film performed by Slovenian-based MN Dance Company as the first single from their fourth Korean-language studio album, Map of the Soul: 7.[265][266] Album distributor Dreamus reported that stock pre-orders of the album reached a record-breaking 4.02 million, breaking the previous record of 2.68 million held by Map of the Soul: Persona.[267] “Black Swan” debuted at number 57 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 46 on the UK Official Singles Chart.[268][269] Later that month, BTS performed alongside Lil Nas X, Billy Ray Cyrus, Diplo and Nas at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards, making BTS the first Korean act to perform at the Grammys.[270][271][272] Map of the Soul: 7 was released on February 21 to universal acclaim.[273][274] The album was supported by the lead single “On” and an alternative digital release featuring Australian singer Sia.[275] According to Gaon Chart, Map of the Soul: 7 sold over 4.1 million copies in just nine days after its release, surpassing the record held by their previous album Map of the Soul: Persona to become the best-selling album in South Korean history[276][277] and the first album to be certified Quadruple Million.[278] The album debuted atop the U.S. Billboard 200 with a first-week tally of 422,000 album-equivalent units, making BTS the fastest group to earn four number one albums since the Beatles in 1968.[279][280] The album marked the biggest Billboard 200 debut in 2020[281] until The Weeknd’s After Hours was released on March 20.[282] The album debuted at number one in countries such as Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the United Kingdom and the U.S., making BTS the first Asian group to top the charts in the world’s five largest music markets.[283] The lead single “On” debuted at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 with 86,000 downloads, becoming BTS’ first top five and their biggest sales week for a song.[284] It was the group’s third top-ten and highest-charting single on the chart, giving them more top-ten entries than any other Korean act on the Hot 100.[285][286] In support of the Map of the Soul album series, BTS were set to embark on their fourth worldwide concert tour and second stadium tour, Map of the Soul Tour, beginning in April.[287] However, the initial Seoul dates were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic,[288] and the rest of the world tour was eventually postponed.[289] In March, Big Hit Entertainment launched a video series, “Learn Korean with BTS”, on the social media app Weverse,[290] intended to “make it easy and fun for global fans who have difficulty enjoying BTS’ music and contents due to the language barrier.”[290][291] The idea for the project emerged in reaction to fans asking for English subtitles for BTS’ videos.[292] The series consists of thirty three-minute lessons on Korean expressions and grammar using footage from existing BTS content on YouTube and VLive, such as “Run BTS!” and “Bangtan Bomb.”[290] The videos were developed in collaboration with experts at the Korean Language Content Institute and Hankuk University of Foreign Studies.[290] In April, BTS became the first South Korean artist to sell more than 20 million albums cumulatively,[293][294] becoming the best-selling artist in South Korean history.[295][296][297] That month, BTS held a two-day online streaming concert event titled Bang Bang Con, where the group shared footage of past concerts on their YouTube channel.[298] The virtual concert series, which lasted 24 hours, was hosted in response to Map of the Soul Tour that had been postponed earlier in the year, and was a commercial success.[299][300] RM later confirmed that a new album had begun production but did not reveal a release date.[301] On June 7, BTS headlined YouTube’s Dear Class of 2020 online graduation event, performing “Boy with Luv”, “Spring Day”, and “Mikrokosmos”. Their commencement speeches highlighted their own graduations and offered “messages of hope and inspiration for the class of 2020 in both Korean and English”.[302][303] On June 14, BTS held a 100-minute long online live concert, Bang Bang Con: The Live, as a part of their 7th debut anniversary. The concert was the first collaborative effort between Big Hit and Kiswe, a live streaming solution company in the US. It garnered 756,000 concurrent viewers in 107 countries and territories, setting the record for the largest audience for a paid virtual concert.[304] On June 19, BTS released the Japanese single, “Stay Gold”, from their fourth Japanese studio album, Map of the Soul: 7 – The Journey, which was released in Japan and digitally worldwide on July 14.[305] The album debuted atop Japan’s Oricon chart and sold over 500,000 copies in its first two days.[306] It surpassed 564,000 copies in its first week, breaking the 10-year record previously held by TVXQ’s Best Selection 2010 for highest first week album sales by a male foreign artist in Japan and making it the fastest and best-selling album of 2020 in the country at the time.[307] BTS released their first English-language single, “Dynamite”, on August 21. Its music video broke the YouTube record for the most viewed premiere, with more than 3 million viewers, and set a new record for the most viewed video in the first 24 hours of release. It also became the first music video on the platform to surpass 100 million views in less than one day.[308] “Dynamite” debuted at number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart with over 260,000 pure sales—enough for it to become the fastest-selling single since Taylor Swift’s “Look What You Made Me Do” (2017)—earning BTS their first chart topper and making them the first all-South Korean act (second Asian act overall) to earn a number one single in the United States.[309] It remained at the top spot for a second consecutive week,[310] dropped to number two in its third and fourth weeks, and reclaimed the top spot in its fifth week on the chart.[311] In its fifth tracking week, the single also reached number one on Billboard’s new Global 200 and Global Excluding US charts, becoming the first single to top both simultaneously.[312] In its sixth tracking week, “Dynamite” spent its sixth consecutive week at number one on the Digital Song Sales chart and rose to the 39th spot on the Radio Songs chart, becoming their first Top 40 entry on US’s overall radio chart.[313] It continued rising and peaked at number 20, becoming their first Top 20 entry on the Radio Songs chart.[314] It peaked at number nine on the US Mainstream Top 40, also known as the Pop Songs chart, becoming their first Top 10 entry and the highest charting entry by a Korean act.[315][316] The single debuted at number three on the UK Singles Chart[317] and number two on the Australian singles chart,[318] becoming their highest-charting single in both countries. The single peaked at number eight on Canada’s Top 40 radio chart, becoming the first Top 10 radio entry by a Korean group.[319][320] On August 31, BTS made their MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs) debut with the first live performance of “Dynamite”[321] and won four awards: Best Group, Best Choreography, Best Pop Video, and Best K-pop (the last three for their music video for “On”).[322] They performed “Dynamite”[323] and older tracks such as “Idol”,[324] “Home”,[325] “Mikrokosmos”,[326] and “Black Swan”[327] on The Tonight Show for their week-long residency during the week of September 28. On October 14, they performed the single at the 2020 Billboard Music Awards and won the Top Social Artist award, becoming their fourth consecutive year of winning the award.[328] On October 2, BTS released a remix of Jawsh 685 and Jason Derulo’s single “Savage Love (Laxed – Siren Beat)”.[329] It topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart, marking the group’s second number one entry in the United States. “Dynamite” remained at number two, making BTS the fourth group (after the Beatles, Bee Gees, and OutKast) to simultaneously occupy the top two spots on the Hot 100.[330] The single also topped the Billboard Global 200, becoming their second number one entry and making BTS the first artist to have multiple songs top Billboard’s recently created global singles chart.[331] On October 10 and 11, BTS hosted a two-day virtual pay-per-view concert, at KSPO Dome in Seoul, called Map of the Soul ON:E, which broke their own world record for Most viewers for a paid virtual concert live stream with 993,000 viewers from 191 countries as compared to their previous record of 756,000 viewers.[332][333] They re-released their 2014 album Skool Luv Affair in October, debuting in the Top 10 of Billboard’s Rap Albums chart and becoming their first entry on the genre-specific chart,[334] with all 11 tracks charting on the World Song Sales chart.[335] On November 20, 2020, BTS’ fifth Korean studio album Be was released,[336][337][338] with “Life Goes On” as its lead single. The single had its debut performance at the 2020 American Music Awards on November 22.[339] On November 24, BTS became the first Korean pop artists to be recognized by the Recording Academy when “Dynamite” received a nomination for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance at the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards.[340] On November 30, 2020, “Life Goes On” debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[341][342] With this, BTS achieved their third consecutive number one on the Hot 100 in just three months—the fastest of any band since the Beatles in 1964 to do so—and became the first group in the chart’s history to have two number one debuts, as well as seven songs appearing simultaneously on the chart. “Life Goes On” became the first song performed primarily in Korean to debut in the top spot.[343][344] The group won the Special International Music Award at the 62nd Japan Record Awards.[345] 2021–present: BTS, the Best and “Butter” On March 4, 2021, the IFPI named BTS its Global Recording Artist of the Year for 2020—they are the first non-English and Asian act to top the ranking. BTS occupied three spots in the Global Album Sales Chart of 2020 with Map of the Soul: 7 coming at number one, Be (Deluxe Edition) at number two and Map of the Soul: 7 – The Journey at number eight. In the newly launched Global Album All Format Chart, Map of the Soul: 7 claimed the first position while Be (Deluxe Edition) claimed the fourth position. BTS also made their first entry in the Global Digital Single Chart of 2020 with “Dynamite” at number ten.[346][347][348][349] On March 14, BTS performed their song “Dynamite” at the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards, becoming the first Korean nominee to have their own Grammy performance. It was also their third appearance at the Grammys.[350] The group’s sixth compilation album, BTS, the Best is scheduled for release on June 16, 2021.[351] On March 24, BTS appeared on You Quiz on the Block, a South Korean variety show program, where they broke the show’s rating records for viewership.[352] On April 1, BTS released “Film Out”, their lead single for their upcoming compilation album.[353] On April 17, almost one year after the last year’s compilation concert, BTS held another compilation concert on their YouTube channel titled Bang Bang Con 21, starting at 3 PM KST containing 3 of their previous in-person concerts.[354] On April 26, BTS held a 1-hour livestream countdown featuring a melting cube of butter. Marking the end of the countdown, it was revealed that they were coming back on May 21 with their second English-language single, “Butter”.[355] After its music video was released at 1 PM KST, the video broke the record for the biggest YouTube premiere of all time, garnering 3.9 million concurrent viewers.[356] It became the most viewed YouTube video on its first day, with 108.2 million views.[357] “Butter” debuted at number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, marking the group’s fourth number one in the last nine months, making them the quickest act to reach four number ones since Justin Timberlake a decade-and-a-half ago. BTS is the fastest group to score four number ones since the Jackson 5 in 1970.[358] Artistry Influences File:190601 Jin Wembley Stadium Day 1 Ay-Oh Chant.webm BTS member Jin (center) performing Freddie Mercury’s “ay-oh” chant during their first concert at Wembley Stadium on June 1, 2019 BTS have cited Seo Taiji and Boys,[359] Nas, Eminem, Kanye West, Drake, Post Malone, Charlie Puth and Danger as musical inspirations.[360] They have also cited Queen as an influence, with Suga saying he “grew up watching videos of Live Aid.” During their concert at Wembley Stadium in London, Jin paid tribute to Queen by leading the crowd in a version of Freddie Mercury’s “ay-oh” chant from the band’s Live Aid concert.[361][362] BTS are also influenced by many literary, psychological, artistic, and philosophical mediums. Their album Wings (2016) was inspired by Hermann Hesse’s coming of age novel, Demian.[363] Their song “Blood Sweat and Tears” (2016) quotes Friedrich Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra, and its music video features visual references to Herbert James Draper’s The Lament for Icarus, Pieter Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, and Pieter Bruegel’s The Fall of the Rebel Angels.[364] Their “Spring Day” (2017) music video contains lyrical and visual references to Ursula Le Guin’s short story The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas.[365] The Love Yourself series was primarily influenced by Erich Fromm’s The Art of Loving,[366] while their song “Magic Shop” from Love Yourself: Tear (2018) was inspired by James R. Doty’s memoir Into the Magic Shop.[367] Their 2019 album, Map of the Soul: Persona gained its name from Murray Stein’s Jung’s Map of the Soul: An Introduction.[368] Musical style BTS co-write and produce much of their own output.[369][370] Since their inception, BTS have developed and maintained a style of “fusion music” with an emphasis on hip hop as their musical base[371] largely due to the influence of RM and Suga’s background as underground rappers[11] and their main producer Pdogg.[372] Rather than adhering to a specific genre, BTS have introduced new elements into their sound and musical repertoire with each successive release.[371] Beginning with old-school hip hop on 2 Cool 4 Skool and O!RUL8,2? in 2013,[21] BTS first experimented with R&B and rock on Skool Luv Affair and Dark and Wild in 2014;[101][42] orchestral strings and EDM in their The Most Beautiful Moment in Life album series (2015–16);[63] moombahton, neo soul, and gospel on Wings (2016) and You Never Walk Alone (2017);[373][81] future bass, Latin pop, and jazz hip hop in their Love Yourself album series (2017–18);[111] and emo rap, rap rock, Afro pop, nu-disco, funk, trap, pop rock and pop rap in their Map of the Soul album series (2019–20).[374][375][376][377][378] Lyrical themes BTS’ albums contain recurring themes that fall under the overarching theme of “reflection of youth.”[9] Their “school trilogy” explored “the troubles and anxieties of school-age youth.”[379] Their “youth series” “tackled a subject that the vast majority of youth experience, but few pop musicians articulate well: mental health and the desire to belong in society.”[379] Wings (2016) focused on temptation and sin.[380] The “Love Yourself” series utilized a narrative form to illustrate the excitement of love, the pains of farewell, and the enlightenment of self-love.[170] Their lyrics, which often include social commentary and criticisms of South Korean society, clearly reflect these. Songs such as “No More Dream” and “N.O” from their school trilogy were motivated by their experiences with South Korea’s emphasis on education and called for change to the education system and societal expectations.[381] Their experiences with youth culture in South Korea inspired the songs “Dope” and “Silver Spoon” (Korean: 뱁새; RR: Baepsae) from their youth series, referencing generational disparity and millennials giving up of romantic relationships, marriage, children, proper employment, homes, and social life in the face of economic difficulties and societal ills while facing condemnation from the media and older generations.[381] “Am I Wrong” from Wings (2016) questioned societal apathy towards the state of current events—the lyric “We’re all dogs and pigs / we become dogs because we’re angry” referenced the South Korean Ministry of Education official Na Hyang-wook, who was a proponent of the caste system and described the average person as “dogs and pigs”, and BTS performed the song on television during the 2016 South Korean political scandal that led to the impeachment of ex-President Park Geun-hye.[381] RM and Suga’s personal struggles with mental health inspired songs like “Tomorrow”, “Intro: The Most Beautiful Moment in Life”, “So Far Away”, “The Last”, and “Forever Rain.”[382][383] “Not Today” from You Never Walk Alone (2017) is an anti-establishment anthem, with messages advocating for minority groups,[384] while “Spring Day” honored the victims of the Sewol Ferry tragedy.[385] Since their inception, BTS have believed that telling their story is the best way for the younger generation to relate to their music.[22] Writing over 90 percent of their own lyrics,[386] the group incorporates universal life experiences, such as sadness and loneliness, in their work and turn them into something more light and manageable. RM has stated that he tries to not sound as if they are preaching or reprimanding people in their songs, “as everyone has different lives and different destinies”.[citation needed] When asked if it is difficult to write about things like mental health, Suga responded, We feel that people who have the platform to talk about those things really should talk more, because they say depression is something where you go to the hospital and you’re diagnosed, but you can’t really know until the doctor talks to you. […] More and more, I think artists or celebrities who have a voice should talk about these problems and bring it up to the surface.[387] BTS have been praised for “speak[ing] honestly about topics they deem important, even in a conservative society” by Jeff Benjamin in Fuse magazine.[95] South Korean president Moon Jae-in recognized their sincerity and inclusion of diversity as key to their success, writing, “Each of the seven members sings in a way that is true to himself and the life he wants to live. Their melody and lyrics transcend regional borders, language, culture, and institutions.”[388] Legacy and cultural impact BTS performing at the Korea-France Friendship Concert in Paris on October 14, 2018 Legacy BTS’ work has influenced numerous artists, including (G)I-dle,[389] D-Crunch’s Hyunho,[390] The Boyz’ Younghoon and Hwall,[391] SF9’s Zuho,[392] Euna Kim,[393] Golden Child’s Jaehyun,[394] Wanna One,[395] IN2IT,[396] Park Ji-hoon,[397] Kim Dong-han,[398][399] Seven O’Clock,[400] Hyeongseop X Euiwoong,[401] Noir,[402] Victon’s Sejun and Byungchan,[403] and Loona.[404] After BTS released their single “Idol,” the National Gugak Center had to expand the amount of Korean instrument sounds available due to increased demand from Korean and foreign producers alike.[405] K-pop idol groups also began changing the themes of their lyrics from love stories to words such as “looking for myself” following BTS’ “Love Yourself” era and RM’s speech at the United Nations.[406][407] Cultural impact BTS have been described as “easily the biggest and most successful name in K-pop in the world” that can “do things no other name in their genre can”,[408] with Time giving them the nickname “Princes of Pop”.[409] Billboard’s Senior Vice President Silvio Pietroluongo said that BTS are comparable to and as influential as the Beatles and The Monkees.[410] Nielsen Music Vice President Helena Kosinski said that “although BTS weren’t the first to open the doors to K-Pop worldwide, they were the first to become mainstream. They don’t just appeal to young people but also to the 50s and 60s age demographic.”[411] As the first non-English speaking artist to make the Global Artist Chart in 2018, BTS had the second and third best-selling albums worldwide and were the second best-selling artists worldwide in terms of physical, digital, and streaming platforms, coming second only to Drake.[412][413][414] In 2019, BTS were again named as one of the top 10 Global Recording Artists of the Year by IFPI, for a second time, ranking #7.[415][416] In 2020, BTS became the first non-English artist to be named IFPI’s #1 Global Recording Artist of the Year. They currently remain as the only non-English speaking act to enter that list.[346] In the United States, BTS accounted for 72.7 percent of the album consumption units generated by K-pop acts in 2018 out of a total of 17 acts.[417] In South Korea, BTS accounted for 41.9 percent of album sales in the first half of 2019, up from their market share of 25.3 percent the previous year.[418] In November 2019, Billboard ranked BTS at #4 on their Top Social Artist of the 2010s list, making them the highest group on the list. BTS was also ranked #45 on Billboard’s Top Touring Artists of the 2010s list. They are the highest-ranked Asian act on the list as well as the only non-English speaking act.[419][420] BTS have been often regarded as “the biggest boy band in the world”.[421] They have also appeared in various power listings. The most tweeted-about celebrities in the world in 2017 and 2018,[422][423] the group was included in Time’s list of the 25 most influential people on the internet from 2017 to 2019,[424] featured on the magazine’s October 2018 international edition cover as “Next Generation Leaders,”[425] and were listed as one of Time 100’s most influential people in 2019.[426] The group was also listed as one of the most influential artists of the decade by CNN, for “popularizing K-pop in the US”.[427] According to a JoyNews24 ‘Power People of 2019′ survey among industry professionals, BTS was chosen as #1 with 74 votes, with #2 being Parasite Director Bong Joon-ho with 29 votes.[428] BTS also appeared in Bloomberg Market’s 50 most influential in 2018.[429] BTS topped the list of Forbes Korea Power Celebrity in 2018 and 2020, and ranked fifth in 2017 and second in 2019.[430] In 2019, BTS ranked 43rd on Forbes’ annual list of the 100 highest-paid celebrities with earnings of $57 million.[431] BTS also ranked first on the list of ‘Top Rank Global Sustainable Future Leaders’ during an announcement from the UN-sponsored SDG association at the United Nations headquarters, while BTS’ fanclub, ARMY, were noted as the ‘Top Rank Sustainable Global group’. Other notable people included in this list were Malala Yousafzai and Bill Gates.[432][433] In California, BTS inspired a teacher to have his school be the first in the country to offer a Korean American Culture and Society course.[434] Kang Soojung, exhibition manager at the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, said that while preparing the 50th anniversary exhibition called “Square”, she was greatly influenced by BTS’ hidden track “Sea”.[435] The group’s influence has led them to address the United Nations at their 73rd General Assembly[436][437] and to perform before 400 officials including South Korean president Moon Jae-in at the 2018 Korea-France Friendship Concert in Paris, a summit meant to show the friendly relations between France and South Korea.[438] Moon Hee-sang, Speaker of the National Assembly, said that “BTS is doing most of our work,” attributing the results of his overseas trip to the credit of the global group on an overseas trip to promote “sales diplomacy”.[439] In September 2019, president Moon Jae-in also mentioned BTS in his announcement for his ‘3 major innovation strategies for the contents industry’, stating that BTS has pioneered innovative business models that communicate directly with fans.[440] In October 2019, The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism selected BTS as a recipient for a ‘Letter of Appreciation’, for showing the world the beauty of Korean traditional culture (Hangul, Hanbok, Gugak) through creative re-interpretations in their music.[441] In December 2019, according to the annual survey conducted by Gallup Korea, BTS were the most preferred artists of 2019 for a second consecutive year.[442] According to the “2019 South Korean National Image” survey conducted by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and its affiliate the Korean Culture and Information Service among 16 countries, BTS were chosen #2 with 5.5% votes.[443] Despite cultural medals traditionally being given to recipients with more than 15 years of notable achievements, BTS became the youngest ever recipients honored with the Order of Cultural Merit by the President of South Korea in 2018 after five years after debuting, due to their noteworthy contributions in spreading Korean culture and language.[444][445] In 2020, they were again honored as the youngest ever recipients (and only musician in the award’s history) to receive the James A. Van Fleet Award, in recognition of their outstanding contributions to the promotion of U.S.-Korea relations.[446] On March 31, 2021, BTS and their well-maintained Wikipedia page were spotlighted in the “Wikispeedia” episode of the popular American radio show and podcast “The Fuzzy Glove Hour with Ken and Andy” on WFMU.[447] Awards and achievements Main article: List of awards and nominations received by BTS BTS has received many awards and honors, including 33 Mnet Asian Music Awards, 29 Melon Music Awards, 24 Golden Disc Awards, 20 Seoul Music Awards, 6 Korean Music Awards, 19 Gaon Chart Music Awards, 9 Billboard Music Awards, 6 American Music Awards, and 6 MTV Video Music Awards. BTS is also the first group in history to win Top Song Sales Artist at the Billboard Music Awards, as well as 5 consecutive wins for Top Social Artist.[448] Having sold over 20.3 million albums on the Gaon Music Chart, BTS are the best-selling artist in South Korean history,[449][450] surpassing Shin Seung-hun’s record of 17 million albums.[451] In South Korea, BTS hold five Multi-Million albums and four Platinum streaming singles.[452][453] As the first Korean group to receive an RIAA certification, BTS has one Double Platinum single, two Platinum albums, three Platinum singles, two Gold singles, and one Gold album in the United States.[454] In Japan, BTS is the first male foreign act to receive a Million certification for a single;[455] they also have two Multi-Platinum singles, two Multi-Platinum albums, two Platinum albums and four Gold albums.[456] BTS are also the first Korean group to receive certifications in the United Kingdom, with two Silver single certifications for “Boy With Luv” and “Mic Drop”,[457][458] one Gold single certification for “Dynamite”,[459] five Silver album certifications for Love Yourself: Tear, Love Yourself: Her, Face Yourself, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: Young Forever and You Never Walk Alone,[460] and three Gold album certifications for Love Yourself: Answer, Map of the Soul: Persona and Map of the Soul: 7.[461] BTS have a large social influence and as of 2021, have attained 26 Guinness World Records, including the world record for most Twitter engagements.[139] To date, they have spent 210 weeks at number one on the Billboard Social 50 chart.[462] In October 2018, BTS was awarded a fifth-class Hwagwan Order of Cultural Merit from the President of South Korea for their contributions in spreading Korean culture and language.[444] In 2019, members of BTS were invited to become members of the Recording Academy in honor of their contributions to music and as part of a push to help diversify Grammy Award voters.[463][464] On November 7, 2019, BTS became the first K-Pop act to remain on the Billboard 200 for a whole year.[465][466] As of June 2021, “Love Yourself: Answer” has remained on the Billboard’s main albums chart for 100 non-consecutive weeks, making it the first and currently only Korean album to do so.[467] BTS hold the record for the most weeks—16 non-consecutive—at number one on Billboard’s Artist 100 chart among all duos and groups,[468] while its 2020 single “Dynamite” holds the record for most weeks—18 non-consecutive—at number one on the Digital Song Sales chart.[469] In December 2020, Time Magazine named BTS their 2020 “Entertainer of the Year”.[470] Commercial influence and philanthropy Commercial influence BTS have measurably revitalized the Korean economy[471] and the global music industry. Credited for the surge in popularity of online purchases of K-pop items[472] and the growth of the Korean Wave between 2016 and 2018 by the Korea Customs Service and Korea Foundation,[473] BTS were cited as one of the main driving forces for the recovery of South Korea’s music-related sector to levels seen before China’s 2016 ban on domestic cultural contents over soured diplomatic relations.[474] Yung Duk Kim, vice president and chief operating officer of the Korea Creative Content Agency, stated K-pop has “skyrocketed” since BTS’ popularity surged, creating jobs not only for BTS and their team but other K-pop idols as well.[475] Various news outlets coined the term the “BTS effect” to refer to the commercial effects of BTS’ influence, such as when KB Kookmin Bank savings accounts increased six-fold compared to the prior year following BTS’ endorsement and when stock prices of entertainment companies in South Korea shot up for five days after BTS topped the U.S. Billboard 200.[476][477][478] The effect was also observed when companies tied to BTS, such as Netmarble, NetMark, Soribada, Key Shares, GMP, Diffie, and Mattel had their stocks rise.[479][480] In October 2019, Mattel’s international gross sales rose 10% to $721.7 million, lifted by sales of dolls based on BTS.[481] Data firm SM2 Networks estimated Hyundai Motor received KR₩600 billion ($502 million) in promotional results after commissioning BTS as their promotional models in 2018.[482] The Bank of Korea Economic Statistics System stated that South Korea’s BOP for music and entertainment reached $114.7 million in the first quarter of 2019, attributing this to an improved relationship between China and South Korea, and the breakout global success of BTS, particularly in North America.[483] Signed on as tourism ambassadors in 2017, the Seoul Metropolitan Government credits BTS for the recovery of Seoul’s shrinking tourism industry following the 2016 THAAD controversy, bringing in an average of 790,000 tourists to Korea annually.[484] In December 2018, the Hyundai Research Institute estimated that BTS were worth more than $3.67 billion to the Korean economy each year, attracting one in every thirteen foreigners who visited Korea.[485][486] BTS’ two day fan-meetings held in Seoul and Busan in June 2019 generated a total economic effect of ₩481 billion ($408 million) to both cities, accounting for 1.6% of Busan’s 2018 GDP, and 0.9% of Seoul’s 2018 GDP.[487] Their three-day concert finale in Seoul for their Love Yourself World Tour in October 2019 was estimated to have an economic value of almost ₩1 trillion ($862 million) and brought in 187,000 foreign visitors to South Korea.[488] As of June 2019, BTS’ economic effect on South Korea is estimated to be over ₩5.5 trillion ($4.65 billion) per year, about 0.3% of South Korea’s GDP.[489] This is comparable to Korean Air, the flagship airline of South Korea, who’s percent contribution to South Korea’s GDP is 0.7%.[490] The 2019 annual ticket sales data released by the Korean online ticketing site, Interpark revealed that BTS’ world tour “Love Yourself: Speak Yourself” concert at the Seoul Olympic Stadium ranked No.1, with BTS topping the ticket sales for the second consecutive year on Interpark.[491][492] Outside of South Korea, BTS’ concerts at Wembley Stadium were estimated to have brought around ₩100 billion ($82 million) as a direct economic effect to the city of London.[493] After BTS went to Malta for their show, ‘Bon Voyage 3′, the Malta Tourism Authority reported a 237% increase of Korean tourists visiting the country, crediting BTS as the reason for the increase.[494] Along with Ariana Grande and Drake, BTS were credited as a key act boosting global music sales to $19 billion in 2018. Such profit had not been seen since 2006 after digital purchases gained momentum.[495] In 2020, a joint report by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and Korea Culture and Tourism Institute estimated an economic effect of ₩1.7 trillion ($1.43 billion) to be created by BTS’ entry at number one in the Billboard Hot 100 chart with “Dynamite”.[496] BTS were again credited, along with The Weeknd, in boosting global music industry revenues to $21.6 billion in 2020 which was the highest figure since 2002.[497] Forbes Korea named BTS the most influential celebrities of Korea in 2018 and 2020,[430] and BTS ranked 43rd in the Forbes Celebrity 100 (2019) as one of the world’s top-earning celebrities. As of 2019, BTS is purportedly worth more than US$4.65 billion to South Korea’s economy each year, or 0.3 percent of the country’s GDP.[489] They attract one in every 13 foreign tourists who visited South Korea and were cited as one of the key acts in boosting global music sales to $19 billion in 2018.[485] Endorsements BTS have maintained numerous global endorsement deals in various industries throughout their career. Partnered with Puma since 2015, BTS initially promoted its sportswear as Puma Korea’s brand ambassadors before expanding to become global ambassadors in 2018[498][499] and promoting the remix of Puma’s “Turin” and “Sportstyle” line worldwide.[500][501] In 2019, BTS signed with Fila to endorse its sportswear.[502] BTS has also served as global brand ambassadors for LG Electronics’ 2018 LG G7 ThinQ telephone,[503] and for Hyundai Motors’ 2019 flagship SUV the “Palisade”[504] and hydrogen fuel cell electric SUV, the “Nexo”.[505] Due to BTS’ endorsement, Hyundai received almost double the anticipated domestic order volume for the Palisade.[506] BTS became global ambassadors of the electric street racing series Formula E to promote how electric vehicles can help combat climate change.[507] In 2020, BTS partnered with Samsung Electronics,[508] releasing a limited BTS-themed version of the Galaxy S20+ and Galaxy Buds+.[509] As the first male pop group ever to collaborate with Dior, BTS sported ensembles from Kim Jones’ Pre-Fall 2019 collection at their concert at Stade de France.[510] As of April 2021, BTS have been chosen as Louis Vuitton brand ambassadors.[511] Fans shopping for BT21 goods at the Line Friends store in Mapo-gu, Seoul In the entertainment sector, BTS published the webtoons Hip Hop Monster and We On through the Nate Webtoon portal and Save Me in collaboration with LICO and Line Webtoon.[512][513][514] In the toy industry, Mattel created dolls modeled off BTS’ outfits from the music video “Idol”,[515] Medicom Toy created the “BE@RBRICK”, a block-like toy featuring the BTS logo and accents modeled after BTS’ stage clothes,[516] and Funko released BTS versions of Funko Pops.[517] BTS also partnered with popular Korean communication app Line, to create new Line ‘characters’ called BT21. The collaboration initially produced emojis and electronic stickers, but later expanded to include fashion apparel, footwear, accessories, and other merchandise.[518] Line flagship stores opened throughout Seoul before spreading across the global market into Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and the United States.[519] In the gaming industry, Nexon released character avatars based on BTS for their RPG game Elsword,[520] and BTS worked with DalcomSoft to release the rhythm game Superstar BTS in January 2018,[521] as well as with Netmarble Games for the story-based, mobile simulation game BTS World released in June 2019.[522] In December 2020, BTS collaborated with MapleStory, to design their own special in-game items inspired by their favorite MapleStory childhood memories.[523] BTS have also collaborated with Casetify to globally launch a new tech accessory collection[524] and ceramics company Kwangjuyo to release a BTS-themed line of ceramics.[525] In the food industry, BTS will be collaborating with McDonald’s to launch their own meal that will be available in 50 countries.[526] In Asia, BTS have worked as brand spokespersons for KB Kookmin Bank, one of the four largest banks in South Korea.[527][528] Their collaboration generated the opening of over 180,000 accounts, and BTS extended their contract with KB Kookmin Bank through 2019.[529] Coca-Cola Korea[530] signed BTS on as their new campaign models for promotions during the 2018 World Cup in Russia.[531][532] In the tourism sector, BTS have worked as brand models for Lotte Duty Free Shop since 2017[533] and as honorary tourism ambassadors for Seoul as part of the ‘I Seoul U’ program.[534] In the beauty and apparel industry, BTS have maintained a relationship with uniform brand SMART since 2016, having renewed their contract with them through 2019.[535] BTS have also promoted the face mask brand Mediheal,[536] the cosmetics brand VT Cosmetics,[537] the contact lens brand Play/Up,[538] vitamin supplement brand Lemona,[539] Indonesian e-commerce company Tokopedia,[540] massage chair brand Bodyfriend,[541] and Philippine telecommunications company, Smart Communications.[542] In April 2021, BTS were selected as models for Lotte Chilsung’s Kloud Draft beer.[543] Philanthropy See also: Love Myself (campaign) In 2015, BTS donated seven tons (7,187 kg) of rice to charity at the K-Star Road opening ceremony held in Apgujeong-dong.[544] The following year they participated in ALLETS’s “Let’s Share the Heart” collaboration charity campaign with Naver[545] to raise donations for LISA, a Korean medical charity which promotes organ and blood donation.[546] Logo for BTS’ Love Myself anti-violence campaign In January 2017, BTS and Big Hit Entertainment donated ₩100 million ($87,915) to the 4/16 Sewol Families for Truth and A Safer Society, an organization connected to the families of the 2014 Sinking of MV Sewol. Each member donated ₩10 million and Big Hit donated an additional ₩30 million. The donation was intended to have been made in secret.[547] Later that year, BTS officially launched their Love Myself campaign, an initiative dedicated to funding several social programs to prevent violence against children and teens and to provide support for victims of violence in partnership with the Korean Committee for UNICEF.[548][549] BTS donated ₩500 million ($448,000) from the members and 100% of all sales of official goods for the Love Myself campaign over the next two years in addition to donations collected from donation desks installed by UNICEF.[550] In addition, 3% of the sales from each album in the Love Yourself series (Love Yourself: Her, Love Yourself: Tear, and Love Yourself: Answer) were donated to the cause.[549] Within two months of its launch, the campaign raised an additional ₩106 million, taking the worldwide funds total to ₩606 million.[551] In November 2018, UNICEF Korea announced that the Love Myself campaign had raised over ₩1.6 billion ($1.4 million).[552] By June 2019, it had surpassed ₩2.4 billion.[553] As of March 2021, the campaign has raised ₩3.3 billion ($2.98 million) globally.[554][555] In April 2018, BTS participated in Stevie Wonder’s “Dream Still Lives” tribute to Martin Luther King Jr. alongside other celebrities.[556] That June, the group donated to the ALS hospital building fund.[557] In September, BTS attended the United Nations 73rd General Assembly for the launch of the youth initiative “Youth 2030: The UN Youth Strategy” and its corresponding UNICEF campaign “Generation Unlimited”.[558][559] On behalf of the group, BTS’ leader RM delivered a six-minute speech in English about self-acceptance, as well as their Love Myself campaign.[560][558] According to UNICEF, the goal of the initiative is “to provide quality education and training for young people”.[561] BTS were selected to attend due to their impact on youth culture through their music and social messages, previous philanthropic endeavors, and popularity among the 15-to-25-year-old age demographic.[558][559] Starbucks Korea partnered with BTS in January 2020, for their “Be the Brightest Stars” campaign that included limited-edition beverages, food and merchandise exclusive to South Korea. A portion of the profits from the campaign went towards career and educational development programs for disadvantaged youth as part of The Beautiful Foundation’s Opportunity Youth Independence Project.[562] Later that month, BTS participated in the Grammy week MusiCares charity auction event hosted by Julien’s Auctions.[563] The group autographed and submitted a set of seven microphones—the first-ever authorized items from them to be brought to auction—used between 2017 and 2019 during their Love Yourself World Tour. Initially estimated to raise between $10,000–20,000, the lot sold for $83,200, more than eight times its starting price and the highest of the event.[564] All proceeds were donated to MusiCares, a non-profit organization that focuses on human service issues directly impacting the health and welfare of the music community.[565] In June, BTS and Big Hit donated $1 million to Black Lives Matter, one of the largest celebrity checks towards the movement in the wake of George Floyd’s murder; the group’s fans matched the donation within 24 hours.[566][567] The group later also donated $1 million to Live Nation’s Crew Nation campaign to support live music personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic.[568] With the continuation of the pandemic into 2021, BTS participated in another MusiCares fund-raising auction held on January 29.[569] The group donated a collection of outfits—their first time putting costumes up for sale—from their “Dynamite” music video that were projected to raise between $20,000–40,000.[570] The ensembles auctioned for $162,500, over eight times original estimates,[571][572] and were the top-selling item of the event.[573] In March 2021, BTS renewed their support for the Love Myself campaign for two more years, and pledged an additional $500,000 per year to UNICEF Korea.[574] The group also became sponsors of UNICEF’s global #ENDViolence campaign, and will donate a further $1 million by 2022.[555][575] That same month, BTS donated seven outfits from their “Life Goes On” music video to the Grammy week charity auction hosted by Charitybuzz. Valued at $30,000, bidding took place from March 8–23. All proceeds went towards the non-profit Grammy Museum Foundation’s music education initiatives.[576] BTS Universe Logo for BTS Universe The BTS Universe, also known as the Bangtan Universe or BU, is an alternate universe created by Big Hit Entertainment that winds through the group’s output. The webtoon Save Me closely follows the story line, along with their book HYYH: The Notes 1.[577][578] The chronology of the universe began with the song “I Need U” and spans to the present time.[579] It tells the story of the seven members in an alternate reality and depicts their anxieties and uncertainties as they confront their futures.[580][581] In a corporate briefing held on February 4, 2020, Big Hit also announced the upcoming release of its sequel HYYH: The Notes 2, the recreation of five BTS songs into five picture books, and the upcoming drama Youth to be produced in collaboration with Chorokbaem Media and renowned screenwriter Kim Soo-jin.[582][291] Speaking to Billboard, Michelle Cho, an assistant professor of East Asian Popular Cultures at the University of Toronto, said “As an audio-visual experience, “I Need U” inaugurated the Bangtan Universe—the coming-of-age storyline that brilliantly integrates the Most Beautiful Moment in Life [album] trilogy and continues in music videos, “concept videos” (mini-films), and the multiform, open-ended narrative that’s been serialized in album liner notes and Twitter and Instagram posts.”[583] Mariejo Ramos from The Inquirer said about the universe “no other artists have successfully mixed the same literary technique to pop music in such a scale.” They used the alternate universe and literary books, such as The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas, as a framing device for their albums.[584] Mixing the two has created an interactive environment for their fans who make theories when new material or hints are released.[585][586][587] Members Jin (진) – vocalist[588] Suga (슈가) – rapper[589] J-Hope (제이홉) – rapper[590] RM – leader, rapper[591] Jimin (지민) – vocalist[592] V (뷔) – vocalist[593] Jungkook (정국) – vocalist[594] Discography Main articles: BTS albums discography and singles discography Korean-language studio albums Dark & Wild (2014) Wings (2016) Love Yourself: Tear (2018) Map of the Soul: 7 (2020) Be (2020) Japanese-language studio albums Wake Up (2014) Youth (2016) Face Yourself (2018) Map of the Soul: 7 – The Journey (2020) Tours Main article: List of BTS live performances The Red Bullet Tour (2014–2015) Wake Up: Open Your Eyes Japan Tour (2015) The Most Beautiful Moment in Life On Stage Tour (2015–2016) The Wings Tour (2017) Love Yourself World Tour (2018–2019) Map of the Soul Tour (TBA) Filmography See also: BTS videography Exhibitions Year Title Country Ref. 2015 “Butterfly Dream: BTS Open Media Exhibition” Korea [595] 2018 “BTS Exhibition: 24/7=Serendipity (Five, Always)” [596] 2019 China [597] United States [598] Film Year Title Role Ref. 2018 Burn the Stage: The Movie Themselves [599] 2019 Love Yourself in Seoul [600] Bring the Soul: The Movie [601] 2020 Break the Silence: The Movie [602] Television Year Title Network Note(s) Ref. 2013 Rookie King: Channel Bangtan SBS MTV BTS-based reality show, 8 episodes [603] 2014 BTS China Job YinYueTai BTS-based reality show, 3 episodes [604] American Hustle Life Mnet BTS-based reality show, 8 episodes [605] BTS GO! Mnet America BTS-based reality show, episode 7 [606] 2018 Run BTS! Mnet 8 episodes [607] 2019 JTBC, JTBC2 [608][609] 2020 Mnet 8 episodes [610] In The SOOP BTS Ver. JTBC BTS-based reality show, 8 episodes [611] 2021 Let’s BTS KBS 2TV 100-minute BTS-based talk show special [612] Online shows Year Title Network Note(s) Ref. 2015 BTS Bokbulbok V Live 5 episodes [613] 2015–2017 BTS GAYO 15 episodes [614] 2015–present Run BTS! 3 seasons [615] 2016–present BTS: Bon Voyage V Live, Weverse 4 seasons of 8 episodes each [616][617] 2018 Burn the Stage YouTube Premium Documentary on BTS’ Wings tour, 8 episodes [618] 2019 Bring the Soul: Docu-series Weverse Documentary on BTS’ Love Yourself tour, 6 episodes [619] 2020 Learn Korean With BTS Weverse 30 episodes [620][621] Break the Silence: Docu-Series Weverse Documentary on BTS’ Love Yourself tour and Speak Yourself tour, 7 episodes [622][623] In The SOOP BTS Ver. Weverse BTS-based reality show, 8 episodes [624] References シングル「血、汗、涙」を5月10日にリリース! 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Retrieved December 29, 2019. Ramos, Mariejo (September 2, 2018). “Finding the ‘Answer’ with BTS”. Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2019. Dodson, Claire (August 14, 2018). “The BTS ARMY Has Intense Fan Theories About New “Love Yourself: Answer” Photos”. Teen Vogue. Archived from the original on July 14, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019. Peters, Megan (August 14, 2018). “BTS Tweet Involving ‘The Promised Neverland’ Sparks New Theories”. Comicbook. Archived from the original on January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019. Khater, Ashraf (September 4, 2016). “BTS ‘Wings’: 4 Creepy Fan Theories Explaining Bangtan Boys’ New Short Film”. International Business Times. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2019. Herman, Tamar (June 30, 2017). “Get To Know BTS: Jin”. Billboard. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2019. Herman, Tamar (June 30, 2017). “Get To Know BTS: Suga”. Billboard. 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Retrieved August 20, 2019 – via Naver. Park, Jin=young (September 7, 2018). [공식입장] 방탄소년단, 단독 전시회 ‘오, 늘’ 개최..8월 25일부터 오픈 [[Official Admission] BTS to hold ‘Five, Always’ Exhibition..It will open on August 25]. OSEN (in Korean). Archived from the original on August 20, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2019. 防弹少年团《24/7=Serendipity》活动3月23日开幕撼动花城! [BTS “24/7=Serendipity” event opening on March 23 to shake Huacheng!]. Guangdong Window (in Chinese). March 25, 2019. Archived from the original on May 28, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2019. Whitney, Kayla (May 22, 2019). “BTS tickets, dates announced for New York BTS EXHIBITION IN THE U.S. ’24/7 = Serendipity (오,늘)'”. AXS. Archived from the original on June 4, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2019. Brandle, Lars (October 12, 2018). “BTS Announce Big Screen Debut With ‘Burn the Stage: the Movie'”. Billboard. Archived from the original on August 19, 2020. Retrieved August 20, 2019. Kim, Young-rok (December 14, 2018). 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anne-marie bhyoghraphy

https://learnmusicion.blogspot.com/2021/06/anne-marie.html

Rose Nicholson (born 7 April 1991),[2] known mononymously as Anne-Marie, is an English singer and songwriter. She has attained several charting singles on the UK Singles Chart, including Clean Bandit’s “Rockabye”, featuring Sean Paul, which peaked at number one, as well as “Alarm”, “Ciao Adios”, “Friends”, “2002” and “Don’t Play”.[3] Her debut studio album Speak Your Mind was released on 27 April 2018, and peaked at number three on the UK Albums Chart.[4] She was nominated for four awards at the 2019 Brit Awards, including Best British Female Solo Artist. In 2015, she signed a record deal with Asylum (a sub-label of Atlantic Records) and, till 2018, she began releasing her work through the label. In late 2018, Anne-Marie left Atlantic and signed a record deal with Warner Bros. Records, owner of Atlantic. Since 2021, she has been a coach on the tenth series of The Voice UK. Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 2013–2015: Career beginnings and Karate 2.2 2016–2018: Speak Your Mind 2.3 2019–present: The Voice UK, single releases and Therapy 3 Personal life 4 Discography 5 Filmography 6 Tours 6.1 Headlining 6.2 Supporting 7 Awards and nominations 8 References 9 External links Early life Anne-Marie was born and raised in East Tilbury in Essex.[5] Her father was born in East London, while her mother is from Essex.[6] She has one sister, Samantha.[7] She appeared in two West End productions as a child—Les Misérables when she was six,[8] and Whistle Down the Wind, alongside Jessie J, when she was 12.[1] Anne-Marie is a black belt in Shotokan karate, having started taking karate lessons aged nine.[9] She won Double Gold in the 2002 Funakoshi Shotokan Karate Association World Championships, Gold and Silver in the 2007 Funakoshi Shotokan Karate Association World Championships, and Gold in the United Kingdom Traditional Karate Federation National Championships.[10][11] She credits this with teaching her “discipline and focus – basically everything I need for this career”[12] but now does not have time to practise it frequently, due to her performing commitments.[9] She attended Palmer’s College in Thurrock as a teenager. Career 2013–2015: Career beginnings and Karate Anne-Marie performing with Rudimental at V Festival 2014 Anne-Marie cut a solo demo for Rocket Records in 2013 called “Summer Girl”.[1] Her solo career was curtailed for her to develop herself as an artist;[13] in the interim, she guested on tracks by Magnetic Man, Gorgon City and Raized by Wolves, after which she caught the attention of Rudimental;[1] one of their vocalists left, and so they asked Anne-Marie to replace her.[12] She featured on four tracks on their album We the Generation,[8] of which two were co-features with Dizzee Rascal and Will Heard;[1] the latter, “Rumour Mill”,[14] reached number 67 on the UK Singles Chart.[15] She spent two years touring alongside them.[13] On 10 June 2015, Anne-Marie released her debut EP Karate, which went out on the new label Major Tom’s; two singles were released from it, “Karate” and “Gemini”, which led to Anne-Marie making her first solo live performances.[1] That November she released “Do It Right”, which peaked at number 90 on the UK Singles Chart.[15] It was originally intended to appear on Anne-Marie’s debut full-length album,[1] which at the time, had the working title of Breathing Fire.[16] 2016–2018: Speak Your Mind On 20 May 2016, Anne-Marie released “Alarm”, the first single from her debut album.[17] It spent one week at number 76 in June before resurfacing a month later; it later peaked at number 2[15] and was certified Platinum in the UK.[18] In October 2016, Anne-Marie was confirmed to play at the thirty-first edition of Eurosonic Noorderslag in Groningen, Netherlands.[19] The same month, Clean Bandit released their song “Rockabye”, with Anne-Marie as main vocalist and featuring Jamaican rapper Sean Paul.[20] It spent nine consecutive weeks at number one, and gained the coveted Christmas number one.[21] The song has since been certified multi-platinum across most of Europe, North America, and Oceania. Anne-Marie performing at the SWR3 New Pop Festival in 2017 Anne-Marie performing at the Queen’s 92nd birthday party in 2018 On 10 March 2017, Anne-Marie released “Ciao Adios”,[22] which she had previously performed live at KOKO on 28 November 2016. The single became a top 10 hit in the UK, charting at number nine and being certified Platinum by the BPI.[18] Anne-Marie’s next single saw her collaborate with Snakehips on “Either Way”, which also featured Joey Badass.[23] On 21 September Anne-Marie released “Heavy”,[24] followed by “Then” on 15 December.[25] In 2018, Anne-Marie collaborated with Marshmello on “Friends”. The song was released on 9 February 2018,[26] and was Anne-Marie’s second top five UK hit as a lead artist.[27] On 22 February, Anne-Marie announced that her debut studio album, Speak Your Mind, would be released on 27 April 2018.[4] Prior to the release of her album, Anne-Marie released the single “2002” on 20 April in response to constant urging by Ed Sheeran, the co-creator of the song.[28] In July 2018, Anne-Marie featured on a David Guetta song titled “Don’t Leave Me Alone”, which peaked at 18 on the UK Singles chart. In November 2018, Anne-Marie and James Arthur recorded “Rewrite the Stars” from The Greatest Showman for the re-recording of its soundtrack, The Greatest Showman: Reimagined.[29] Anne-Marie performing at the 2018 MTV Europe Music Awards. 2019–present: The Voice UK, single releases and Therapy In 2019, Anne-Marie featured on the single “Fuck, I’m Lonely” by American singer Lauv for the soundtrack of 13 Reasons Why: Season 3. The single was released on 1 August 2019.[30] Anne-Marie released the song “Birthday” on 7 February 2020. On Mother’s Day 2020, Anne-Marie released the song “Her”. “To Be Young”, was released on 17 July 2020, featuring American rapper Doja Cat. On 28 August 2020, Anne-Marie featured on the Rudimental song “Come Over”. On 12 November 2020, Anne-Marie released the single “Problems”.[31] On the same day, her documentary, How To Be Anne-Marie, was released on YouTube Originals. The documentary gives light to the fans and a closer look about her personal life and her “time away from the limelight”. Her documentary also features fellow celebrities, including Little Mix [32] On 2 January 2021, she made her first appearance as the newest coach for the tenth series of The Voice UK, replacing Meghan Trainor.[33] On 15 January 2021, Anne-Marie released the single “Don’t Play” in collaboration with English rapper KSI and English DJ, Digital Farm Animals as the lead single form her second studio album.[34] Anne-Marie contributed vocals on the song “Way Too Long” with Nathan Dawe and MoStack on 9 April 2021. On 13 May 2021, Anne-Marie announced the single “Our Song” with Niall Horan as the second single from her upcoming second studio album. The song was released on 21 May 2021 the same day she announced the title of her second album Therapy which is to be released on 23 July 2021. Personal life In 2018, Anne-Marie revealed that she is attracted to both men and women, but that she doesn’t identify with the label bisexual. She said, “I just feel like I’m attracted to who I like.”[35][36] Discography Main article: Anne-Marie discography Studio albums Speak Your Mind (2018) Therapy (2021) Filmography Year Name Role Notes 2020 How To Be Anne-Marie Herself Documentary 2021 The Voice UK Coach Tenth Season Tours Headlining Speak Your Mind World Tour (2018–19) Dysfunctional Tour (2022) Supporting ÷ Tour (Europe and North America legs) (2017–18) Awards and nominations Year Award Work Category Result 2016 MTV Europe Music Award Herself Best Push Act Nominated MTV Brand New MTV Brand New Won MOBO Awards Best Newcomer Nominated 2017 Nordoff Robins O2 Silver Clef Awards Jack Daniel Best Newcomer Award Won Brit Awards Critics’ Choice Nominated British Breakthrough Act Nominated “Rockabye” (with Clean Bandit) British Single of the Year Nominated British Video of the Year Eliminated Teen Choice Awards Choice Music: Dance/Electronic Song Nominated LOS40 Music Awards International Song of the Year Nominated Gaygalan International Song of the Year Nominated MTV Europe Music Award Best Song Nominated 2018 Billboard Music Award Top Dance/Electronic Song Nominated iHeartRadio Music Awards Dance Song of the Year Nominated WDM Radio Awards Best Global Track Won Herself Best Electronic Vocalist Nominated Teen Choice Awards “Friends” (with Marshmello) Choice Music: Dance/Electronic Song Nominated iHeartRadio Much Music Video Awards Song of the Summer Nominated Best Collaboration Nominated MTV Video Music Awards Japan Best New: International Won Video of The Year Won Melon Music Awards Best Pop Award Nominated BreakTudo Awards Herself Artista em Ascensão Nominated LOS40 Music Awards International New Artist of the Year Nominated MTV Europe Music Award Best New Act Nominated Best UK & Ireland Act Nominated Brit Awards “Ciao Adios” British Video of the Year Eliminated 2019 Brit Awards[37] Herself British Female Solo Artist Nominated Speak Your Mind British Album of the Year Nominated “2002” British Single of the Year Nominated British Video of the Year Nominated Global Awards Best Song Nominated Herself Best Female Nominated Best British Artist or Group Nominated Best Pop Won iHeartRadio Music Awards “Rewrite the Stars” Best Cover Song Nominated “Friends” (with Marshmello) Dance Song of the Year Nominated Remarkable Women Awards 2019 Herself Artist of the Year Won 2020 Melon Music Awards “Birthday” Best Pop Award Nominated Spotify Awards[38] Herself Most-Streamed Female Artist on Consoles Pending References Spreyer, Simon. “Anne-Marie Biography”. AllMusic. Retrieved 26 July 2016. “Anne-Marie” (in French). DelitMusic. 3 December 2018. “100 million streams on Spotify”. Retrieved 27 October 2016. “Anne-Marie”. Retrieved 22 February 2018 – via Facebook.[non-primary source needed] Dodds, Emma (3 March 2020). “Anne-Marie: Everything you need to know about the ‘Lonely’ singer”. Retrieved 9 March 2020. Nicholson, Rebecca (19 April 2020). “Anne-Marie: ‘I just want to make people smile'”. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2020. …She’s baffled that her Wikipedia says her dad is Irish (he’s from east London)… @AnneMarie (28 February 2018). “This is my sister and I love her more than life itself. @Sambonic” (Tweet) – via Twitter. “Anne-Marie”. MTV UK. Retrieved 26 July 2016. Moran, Jonathon (9 May 2016). “Who is Anne Marie dating? Star won’t tell a secret”. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 February 2020. “Instructors”. Tokon Kai. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2016. McIntosh, Steven (2 July 2017). “Anne-Marie: Pop star and karate champion”. BBC News. Retrieved 9 December 2017. McGregor, Nesta (2 February 2016). “Rudimental singer Anne-Marie brands herself ‘singer and ninja”. BBC. Retrieved 27 February 2020. Cragg, Michael (7 June 2015). “Spotlight on… Anne-Marie”. The Guardian. Retrieved 27 February 2020. “Rudimental Feat. Anne-Marie & Will Heard – ‘Rumour Mill’ – Rudimental”. Capital FM. Retrieved 26 July 2016. Peak chart positions for singles in the United Kingdom: All except “Rockabye”: “Anne-Marie” (select “Singles” tab). Official Charts Company. Retrieved 14 August 2017. “Rockabye”: “Clean Bandit” (select “Singles” tab). Official Charts Company. Retrieved 14 August 2017. Campbell, Brian (19 February 2016). “Singer Anne-Marie puts Rudimental behind her as her solo career looks set to soar”. Irish News. Retrieved 27 February 2020. “”Alarm” from Alarm – Single by Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “Certified Awards” (enter “Anne-Marie” into the “Keywords” box, then select “Search”). British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 5 March 2018. “First European Artists Confirmed for Eurosonic Noorderslag – Eurosonic Noorderslag”. Eurosonic Noorderslag. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016. Corner, Lewis (21 October 2016). “Clean Bandit team up with Sean Paul and Anne-Marie for bouncy new single ‘Rockabye'”. Digital Spy. Retrieved 26 November 2016. Savage, Mark (23 December 2016). “Clean Bandit land Christmas number one with Rockabye”. BBC News. Retrieved 13 February 2017. “”Ciao Adios” from Ciao Adios – Single by Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “”Either Way (feat. Joey Bada$$)” from Either Way (feat. Joey Bada$$) – Single by Snakehips & Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “”Heavy” from Heavy – Single by Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “”Then” from Then – Single by Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “”FRIENDS” from FRIENDS – Single by Marshmello & Anne-Marie on iTunes”. iTunes Store (GB). “Official Singles Chart Top 100”. Official Charts Company. Honeycutt, Shanté (20 April 2018). “Anne-Marie Drops New Song ‘2002,’ Co-Written by Ed Sheeran: Listen”. Billboard. Retrieved 27 February 2020. “Anne-Marie and James Arthur ‘Rewrite the Stars’ For ‘TGS: Reimagined’ | MTV UK”. MTV. Retrieved 15 January 2019. Roth, Madeline (1 August 2019). “Lauv And Anne-Marie Are Lonely As Fuck On New 13 Reasons Why Song”. MTV. Retrieved 2 August 2019. Dodds, Emma. “Anne-Marie drops brand new song ‘Problems’ 🎶”. Hits Radio. Retrieved 2 January 2021. “Anne-Marie is giving fans a close look at her life away from the spotlight in a new YouTube documentary, and Little Mix will feature in the film”. Capital FM. Retrieved 1 March 2021. “Essex star Anne-Marie to become judge on popular TV show”. Echo. “Anne-Marie, KSI & Digital Farm Animals release new single ‘Don’t Play'”. Celebmix. Retrieved 23 January 2021. Britton, Luke (2 May 2018). “Anne-Marie opens up about her sexuality”. NME. Retrieved 11 May 2020. Daw, Stephen (1 May 2018). “Anne-Marie Dates Men & Women: She Opens Up In New Interview”. Billboard. Retrieved 17 April 2020. “Brit Awards 2019: Full list of winners”. BBC. 20 February 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2019. Reyes, Van (19 February 2020). “Conoce a todos los nominados a los Spotify Awards 2020”. nacionrex.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 February 2020.

Introduce Yourself (Example Post)

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  • Because it gives new readers context. What are you about? Why should they read your blog?
  • Because it will help you focus your own ideas about your blog and what you’d like to do with it.

The post can be short or long, a personal intro to your life or a bloggy mission statement, a manifesto for the future or a simple outline of your the types of things you hope to publish.

To help you get started, here are a few questions:

  • Why are you blogging publicly, rather than keeping a personal journal?
  • What topics do you think you’ll write about?
  • Who would you love to connect with via your blog?
  • If you blog successfully throughout the next year, what would you hope to have accomplished?

You’re not locked into any of this; one of the wonderful things about blogs is how they constantly evolve as we learn, grow, and interact with one another — but it’s good to know where and why you started, and articulating your goals may just give you a few other post ideas.

Can’t think how to get started? Just write the first thing that pops into your head. Anne Lamott, author of a book on writing we love, says that you need to give yourself permission to write a “crappy first draft”. Anne makes a great point — just start writing, and worry about editing it later.

When you’re ready to publish, give your post three to five tags that describe your blog’s focus — writing, photography, fiction, parenting, food, cars, movies, sports, whatever. These tags will help others who care about your topics find you in the Reader. Make sure one of the tags is “zerotohero,” so other new bloggers can find you, too.

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